Yıl 2018, Cilt 4, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 98 - 111 2018-01-20

DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS AND THEIR EFFECTS ON HEALTH
GIDA TAKVİYELERİ VE SAĞLIK ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ

Derya Atalay [1] , Hande Selen Erge [2]

250 1118

Dietary supplement is defined as “a product that is used by man to supplement the diet and contains dietary ingredients such as vitamins, minerals, amino acids, herbs or other botanical dietary substances”. Using of dietary supplement is widespread because of successful marketing strategies, advertising and internet information sources. The main steps of supplement production are formulation, blending, milling, granulation, drying, final blending, tableting, tablet press tooling, coating, and encapsulation. Fruits and vegetables, plants, microorganisms and animal origin as raw material are used in production of dietary supplements. Since, beneficial properties of foods on human health are known; consumption of food supplements is increased in recent years. The most common problems observed in dietary supplements are the risk of contamination, additives, toxicity, and standardization of dose and accuracy of labeling. Direct intoxications related with these products as well as adverse effects due to drug interactions are observed recently in Turkey and World. It is known that dietary supplements should not be considered as medicine, but when are consumed correctly, positively affect the health of humans.

Gıda takviyeleri, bir insanın diyetinde desteklemek üzere kullanılan ve vitaminler, mineraller, amino asitler, bitkiler ya da bitkisel diyet bileşenleri gibi besin ögelerini içeren ürünler olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Gıda takviyelerinin kullanımı başarılı satış stratejileri, reklamlar ve internet nedeniyle yaygındır. Gıda takviyelerinin üretimi tablet ve kapsül üretimleri ile benzerlikler göstermektedir. Üretimdeki başlıca basamaklar; reçete oluşturma, karıştırma, öğütme, granülasyon, kurutma, son karıştırma, tablet yapma, tableti presleme, kaplama ve kapsülleme aşamalarıdır. Gıda takviyelerinin üretiminde meyve ve sebzeler, bitkiler, mikroorganizmalar ve hayvansal kaynaklı hammaddeler kullanılmaktadır. Gıdaların insan sağlığı üzerine faydalı özellikleri (antioksidan, besinsel lif vb.) bilindiğinden dolayı günümüzde gıda takviyelerinin tüketimi artmaktadır. Gıda takviyelerinde en fazla gözlenen sorunlar kontaminasyon, katkı maddeleri, toksisite, yanlış doz ve yanlış etiketlemedir. Son zamanlarda ilaç interaksiyonlarından kaynaklı yan etkilerin yanında söz konusu ürünlerle ilgili zehirlenmeler ülkemizde ve dünyada görülmektedir. Gıda takviyelerinin ilaç olarak değerlendirilmemesi gerektiği ancak doğru şekilde tüketildiğinde insanların sağlığını olumlu yönde etkilediği bilinmektedir.

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Gıda Bilimleri ve Teknolojisi
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-4536-7239
Yazar: Derya Atalay (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi, Gıda Mühendisliği Bölümü, Bolu
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4313-1014
Yazar: Hande Selen Erge
Kurum: Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi, Gıda Mühendisliği Bölümü, Bolu
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @derleme { jfhs327950, journal = {FOOD and HEALTH}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2834}, address = {ScientificWebJournals}, year = {2018}, volume = {4}, pages = {98 - 111}, doi = {10.3153/FH18010}, title = {GIDA TAKVİYELERİ VE SAĞLIK ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ}, key = {cite}, author = {Erge, Hande Selen and Atalay, Derya} }
APA Atalay, D , Erge, H . (2018). GIDA TAKVİYELERİ VE SAĞLIK ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ. FOOD and HEALTH, 4 (2), 98-111. DOI: 10.3153/FH18010
MLA Atalay, D , Erge, H . "GIDA TAKVİYELERİ VE SAĞLIK ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ". FOOD and HEALTH 4 (2018): 98-111 <http://jfhs.scientificwebjournals.com/issue/34579/327950>
Chicago Atalay, D , Erge, H . "GIDA TAKVİYELERİ VE SAĞLIK ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ". FOOD and HEALTH 4 (2018): 98-111
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - GIDA TAKVİYELERİ VE SAĞLIK ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ AU - Derya Atalay , Hande Selen Erge Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.3153/FH18010 DO - 10.3153/FH18010 T2 - FOOD and HEALTH JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 98 EP - 111 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - -2602-2834 M3 - doi: 10.3153/FH18010 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3153/FH18010 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 FOOD and HEALTH GIDA TAKVİYELERİ VE SAĞLIK ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ %A Derya Atalay , Hande Selen Erge %T GIDA TAKVİYELERİ VE SAĞLIK ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ %D 2018 %J FOOD and HEALTH %P -2602-2834 %V 4 %N 2 %R doi: 10.3153/FH18010 %U 10.3153/FH18010