Research Article
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Year 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1, 23 - 34, 01.01.2022
https://doi.org/10.3153/FH22003

Abstract

References

  • Abbot, J.M., Bryd-Bredbenner, C., Grasso, D. (2007). Know before you serve: Developing a food-allergy fact sheet. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 48, 274-283. https://doi.org/10.1177/0010880407302779
  • Ahuja, R., Sicherer, S.H. (2007). Food allergy management from the perspective of restaurant and food establishment personnel. Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, 98, 344-348. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1081-1206(10)60880-0
  • Ansari-Lari, M., Soodbakhsh, S., Lakzadeh, L. (2010). Knowledge, attitudes and practices of workers on food hygienic practices in meat processing plants in Fars, Iran. Food Control, 21, 260-263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2009.06.003
  • Bailey, S., Kindratt, T.B., Smith, H., Readingi, D. (2014). Food allergy training event for restaurant staff; a pilot evaluation. Clinical and Translational Allergy, 4, 26-29. https://doi.org/10.1186/2045-7022-4-26
  • Baser, F., Ture, H., Abubakirova, A., Sanlier, N., Cil, B. (2017). Structural modeling of the relationship among food safety knowledge, attitude and behavior of hotel staff in Turkey. Food Control, 73, 438-444. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2016.08.032
  • Bock, S.A., Munoz-Furlong, A., Sampson, H.A. (2001). Fatalities due to anaphylactic reactions to food. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 107, 191-193. http://dx.doi.org/10.1067/mai.2001.112031
  • Boyce, J.I. (2012). Food allergies in developing and emerging economies: need for comprehensive data on prevalence rates. Clinical and Translational Allergy, 2(1), 25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2045-7022-2-25
  • Choi, J.H., Rajagopal, L. (2013). Food allergy knowledge, attitudes, practices and training of foodservice workers at a university foodservice operation in the Midwestern United States. Food Control, 31(2), 474-481. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2012.10.023
  • Clayton, D.A., Griffith, C.J., Price, P., Peters, A.C. (2002). Food handlers beliefs and self-reported practices. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 12(1), 25-39. https://doi.org/10.1080/09603120120110031
  • Common, L.A., Corrigan, C.J., Smith, H., Bailey, S., Harris, S., Holloway, J.A. (2013). How safe is yourcurry? Food allergy awareness of restaurant staff. Journal of Allergy and Therapy, 4, 4. https://doi.org/10.4172/2155-6121.1000140
  • Dupuis, R., Meisel, Z., Grande, D., Strupp, E., Kounaves, S., Graves, A., Frasso, R., Cannuscio, C.C. (2016). Food allergy management among restaurant workers in a large US city. Food Control, 63, 147-157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2015.11.026
  • FARE (2020). Facts and statistics, available at: www.foodallergy.org/facts-and-stats (accessed 20 January 2020).
  • Gaspar-Marques, J., Carreiro-Martins, P., Papoila, A.L., Caires, I., Pedro, C., Araujo-Matins, J., Virella, D., Rosado-Pinto, J., Leiria-Pinto, P., Neuparth, N. (2014). Food allergy and anaphylaxis in infants and preschool-age children. Clinical Pediatrics, 53, 7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0009922814527502
  • Güler, N. (2019). Türkiye’de her 17 çocuktan birinde besin alerjisi görülüyor!, available at: https://www.milliyet.com.tr/pembenar/turkiye-de-her-17-cocuktan-birinde-besin-alerjisi-goruluyor-2870434 (accessed 12 Jaunary 2020).
  • Kwon, J., Lee, Y.M. (2012). Exploration of past experiences: attitudes and preventive behaviors of consumers with food allergies about dining out: a focus groupstudy. Food Protection Trends, 32, 736-746. http://hdl.handle.net/2097/9791
  • Kwon, J., Lee, Y.M., Wen H. (2020). Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about dining out with food allergies: A cross-sectional survey of restaurant customers in the United States. Food Control, 107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2019.106776
  • Lee, Y. M., Sozen, E. (2018). Who knows more about food allergies - restaurant managerial staff or employees? British Food Journal, 120(4), 876-890. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2016.05.004
  • Lee, Y.M., Barker, G.C. (2016). Comparison of food allergy policies and training between Alabama (AL) and National Restaurant Industry. Journal of Culinary Science and Technology, 15(1), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1080/15428052.2016.1185071
  • Lee, Y.M., Sozen, E. (2016). Food allergy knowledge and training among restaurant employees. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 57, 52-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2016.05.004
  • Lefevre, S., Abitan, L., Goetz, C., Frey, M., Ott, M., Blay, F. (2018). Multicenter survey of restaurant staff's knowledge of food allergy in Eastern France. Allergy Journal International, 28, 57-62. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40629-018-0062-21-6
  • Lorcu, F. (2015). Örneklerle veri analizi spss uygulamalı. Ankara: Detay Publishing. ISBN: 9786054940899
  • Madsen, C. B., Crevel, R., Chan, C. H., Dubois, A. E. J., Galvin, D. A., Blok, B. M. J. F., et al. (2010). Food allergy: Stakeholder perspectives on acceptable risk. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 57(2-3), 256-265. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2010.03.003
  • Mandabach, K.H., Ellsworth, A., Vanleeuwen, D. M., Blanch, G., Waters, H.L. (2005). Restaurant managers knowledge of food allergies. Journal of Culinary Science and Technology, 4(2-3), 63-77. http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J385v04n02_05
  • National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (2019). Food allergy, available at: www.niaid.nih.gov/diseases-conditions/food-allergy (accessed 2 June 2019).
  • Olivier, C.E. (2013). Food allergy. Journal of Allergy and Therapy, 4, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.4172/2155-6121.S3-004
  • Sampson, H.A. (2004). Update on Food Allergy. Journal Allergy Clinical Immunology, 113, 805-819. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2004.03.014
  • Sapan, N., Esen, D., Tamay, Z., Akçakaya, N., Güler, N., Yazıcıoğlu, M., Karaman, Ö., Akçay, A., Öneş, U. (2013). Pediatric allergy and asthma academy, food allergy diagnosis and treatment protocol. Türk Pediatri Arşivi, 48(4), 270-274. https://doi.org/10.4274/tpa.2029
  • Seaman, P., Eves, A. (2010). Perceptions of hygiene training amongst food handlers, managers and training providers - A qualitative study. Food Control, 21, 1037-1041. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2009.12.024
  • Seth, D., Poowutikul, P., Pansare, M., Kamat, D. (2020). Food allergy: a review. Pediatric Annals, 49(1), 50-58. https://doi.org/10.3928/19382359-20191206-01
  • Shafie, A.A., Azman, A.W. (2015). Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of food allergies among food handlers in the state of Penang, Malaysia. Public Health, 129(9), 1278-1284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2015.03.016
  • Sicherer, S.H. (2011). Epidemiology of food allergy. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 127(3), 594-602. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2013.11.020
  • Sicherer, S.H., Sampson H.A. (2014). Food allergy: epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment. Journal Allergy Clinical Immunology, 133(2), 291-307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2013.11
  • Sogut, A., Kavut, A.B., Kartal, İ., Beyhun, E.N., Çayır, A., Mutlu, M., Ozkan, B. (2015). Food allergy knowledge and attitude of restaurant personnel in Turkey. International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology, 5(2), 157-161. https://doi.org/10.1002/alr.21427
  • Soon, J.M. (2019). Food allergen knowledge, attitude and practices among UK consumers: A structural modelling approach. Food Research International, 120, 375-381. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.03.008
  • Stjernat, M.L., Vetander, M., Wickman, M., Olin Lauritzen, S. (2014). The management of situated risk: a parental perspective on child food allergy. Health, 18(2), 130-145. https://doi.org/10.1177/1363459313481234
  • Tatlı, M., Akoglu, A. (2020). Food allergy knowledge, attitude and practices of restaurant employees in Istanbul, Turkey. Academic Food, 18(2), 125-134. https://doi.org/10.24323/akademik-gida.758812
  • Ural, A., Kılıç, I. (2013). Bilimsel Araştırma Süreci ve SPSS ile Veri Analizi, Ankara: Detay Publishing. ISBN: 9789758969173
  • Wen, H., Kwon, J. (2017). Restaurant servers risk perceptions and risk communication-related behaviors when serving customers with food allergies in the U.S. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 64, 11-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2017.03.009
  • Wham, C.A., Sharma, K.M. (2014). Knowledge of café and restaurant managers to provide a safe meal to food allergic consumers. Nutrition and Dietetics, 71(4), 265-269. https://doi.org/10.1111/1747-0080.12104

Food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and practices of food handlers working in the five-star hotel kitchens in Turkey

Year 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1, 23 - 34, 01.01.2022
https://doi.org/10.3153/FH22003

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the food allergy knowledge, attitudes and practices of food handlers working in five-star hotel kitchens in Turkey and to explore the association between the obtained scores and handlers’ demographic and working characteristics. A cross-sectional survey involving 450 food handlers in the state of Istanbul, Ankara and Antalya, in Turkey, was conducted using a paper-based questionnaire. The total knowledge score of the participants was 11.89 ±2.22 (max 17), attitude score 60.63 ±10.34 (max 75) and practice score 55.60 ±8.01 (max 65). In the comparison based on demographic characteristics; the knowledge (12.10 ±2.15) and practice (56.33 ±5.91) scores of the food handlers who received food allergy training in the hotel they work were found to be significantly higher than those who did not receive food allergy training (p<0.05). Food allergy knowledge of food handlers was evaluated as "average", attitude as "positive", and practice as "low risk practice". The results obtained are expected to contribute to the development of food allergy policies, procedures, and the planning of the necessary trainings for reducing the risks of food allergies and preventing fatal allergic reactions.

References

  • Abbot, J.M., Bryd-Bredbenner, C., Grasso, D. (2007). Know before you serve: Developing a food-allergy fact sheet. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 48, 274-283. https://doi.org/10.1177/0010880407302779
  • Ahuja, R., Sicherer, S.H. (2007). Food allergy management from the perspective of restaurant and food establishment personnel. Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, 98, 344-348. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1081-1206(10)60880-0
  • Ansari-Lari, M., Soodbakhsh, S., Lakzadeh, L. (2010). Knowledge, attitudes and practices of workers on food hygienic practices in meat processing plants in Fars, Iran. Food Control, 21, 260-263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2009.06.003
  • Bailey, S., Kindratt, T.B., Smith, H., Readingi, D. (2014). Food allergy training event for restaurant staff; a pilot evaluation. Clinical and Translational Allergy, 4, 26-29. https://doi.org/10.1186/2045-7022-4-26
  • Baser, F., Ture, H., Abubakirova, A., Sanlier, N., Cil, B. (2017). Structural modeling of the relationship among food safety knowledge, attitude and behavior of hotel staff in Turkey. Food Control, 73, 438-444. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2016.08.032
  • Bock, S.A., Munoz-Furlong, A., Sampson, H.A. (2001). Fatalities due to anaphylactic reactions to food. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 107, 191-193. http://dx.doi.org/10.1067/mai.2001.112031
  • Boyce, J.I. (2012). Food allergies in developing and emerging economies: need for comprehensive data on prevalence rates. Clinical and Translational Allergy, 2(1), 25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2045-7022-2-25
  • Choi, J.H., Rajagopal, L. (2013). Food allergy knowledge, attitudes, practices and training of foodservice workers at a university foodservice operation in the Midwestern United States. Food Control, 31(2), 474-481. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2012.10.023
  • Clayton, D.A., Griffith, C.J., Price, P., Peters, A.C. (2002). Food handlers beliefs and self-reported practices. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 12(1), 25-39. https://doi.org/10.1080/09603120120110031
  • Common, L.A., Corrigan, C.J., Smith, H., Bailey, S., Harris, S., Holloway, J.A. (2013). How safe is yourcurry? Food allergy awareness of restaurant staff. Journal of Allergy and Therapy, 4, 4. https://doi.org/10.4172/2155-6121.1000140
  • Dupuis, R., Meisel, Z., Grande, D., Strupp, E., Kounaves, S., Graves, A., Frasso, R., Cannuscio, C.C. (2016). Food allergy management among restaurant workers in a large US city. Food Control, 63, 147-157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2015.11.026
  • FARE (2020). Facts and statistics, available at: www.foodallergy.org/facts-and-stats (accessed 20 January 2020).
  • Gaspar-Marques, J., Carreiro-Martins, P., Papoila, A.L., Caires, I., Pedro, C., Araujo-Matins, J., Virella, D., Rosado-Pinto, J., Leiria-Pinto, P., Neuparth, N. (2014). Food allergy and anaphylaxis in infants and preschool-age children. Clinical Pediatrics, 53, 7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0009922814527502
  • Güler, N. (2019). Türkiye’de her 17 çocuktan birinde besin alerjisi görülüyor!, available at: https://www.milliyet.com.tr/pembenar/turkiye-de-her-17-cocuktan-birinde-besin-alerjisi-goruluyor-2870434 (accessed 12 Jaunary 2020).
  • Kwon, J., Lee, Y.M. (2012). Exploration of past experiences: attitudes and preventive behaviors of consumers with food allergies about dining out: a focus groupstudy. Food Protection Trends, 32, 736-746. http://hdl.handle.net/2097/9791
  • Kwon, J., Lee, Y.M., Wen H. (2020). Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about dining out with food allergies: A cross-sectional survey of restaurant customers in the United States. Food Control, 107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2019.106776
  • Lee, Y. M., Sozen, E. (2018). Who knows more about food allergies - restaurant managerial staff or employees? British Food Journal, 120(4), 876-890. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2016.05.004
  • Lee, Y.M., Barker, G.C. (2016). Comparison of food allergy policies and training between Alabama (AL) and National Restaurant Industry. Journal of Culinary Science and Technology, 15(1), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1080/15428052.2016.1185071
  • Lee, Y.M., Sozen, E. (2016). Food allergy knowledge and training among restaurant employees. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 57, 52-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2016.05.004
  • Lefevre, S., Abitan, L., Goetz, C., Frey, M., Ott, M., Blay, F. (2018). Multicenter survey of restaurant staff's knowledge of food allergy in Eastern France. Allergy Journal International, 28, 57-62. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40629-018-0062-21-6
  • Lorcu, F. (2015). Örneklerle veri analizi spss uygulamalı. Ankara: Detay Publishing. ISBN: 9786054940899
  • Madsen, C. B., Crevel, R., Chan, C. H., Dubois, A. E. J., Galvin, D. A., Blok, B. M. J. F., et al. (2010). Food allergy: Stakeholder perspectives on acceptable risk. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 57(2-3), 256-265. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2010.03.003
  • Mandabach, K.H., Ellsworth, A., Vanleeuwen, D. M., Blanch, G., Waters, H.L. (2005). Restaurant managers knowledge of food allergies. Journal of Culinary Science and Technology, 4(2-3), 63-77. http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J385v04n02_05
  • National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (2019). Food allergy, available at: www.niaid.nih.gov/diseases-conditions/food-allergy (accessed 2 June 2019).
  • Olivier, C.E. (2013). Food allergy. Journal of Allergy and Therapy, 4, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.4172/2155-6121.S3-004
  • Sampson, H.A. (2004). Update on Food Allergy. Journal Allergy Clinical Immunology, 113, 805-819. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2004.03.014
  • Sapan, N., Esen, D., Tamay, Z., Akçakaya, N., Güler, N., Yazıcıoğlu, M., Karaman, Ö., Akçay, A., Öneş, U. (2013). Pediatric allergy and asthma academy, food allergy diagnosis and treatment protocol. Türk Pediatri Arşivi, 48(4), 270-274. https://doi.org/10.4274/tpa.2029
  • Seaman, P., Eves, A. (2010). Perceptions of hygiene training amongst food handlers, managers and training providers - A qualitative study. Food Control, 21, 1037-1041. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2009.12.024
  • Seth, D., Poowutikul, P., Pansare, M., Kamat, D. (2020). Food allergy: a review. Pediatric Annals, 49(1), 50-58. https://doi.org/10.3928/19382359-20191206-01
  • Shafie, A.A., Azman, A.W. (2015). Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of food allergies among food handlers in the state of Penang, Malaysia. Public Health, 129(9), 1278-1284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2015.03.016
  • Sicherer, S.H. (2011). Epidemiology of food allergy. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 127(3), 594-602. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2013.11.020
  • Sicherer, S.H., Sampson H.A. (2014). Food allergy: epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment. Journal Allergy Clinical Immunology, 133(2), 291-307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2013.11
  • Sogut, A., Kavut, A.B., Kartal, İ., Beyhun, E.N., Çayır, A., Mutlu, M., Ozkan, B. (2015). Food allergy knowledge and attitude of restaurant personnel in Turkey. International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology, 5(2), 157-161. https://doi.org/10.1002/alr.21427
  • Soon, J.M. (2019). Food allergen knowledge, attitude and practices among UK consumers: A structural modelling approach. Food Research International, 120, 375-381. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.03.008
  • Stjernat, M.L., Vetander, M., Wickman, M., Olin Lauritzen, S. (2014). The management of situated risk: a parental perspective on child food allergy. Health, 18(2), 130-145. https://doi.org/10.1177/1363459313481234
  • Tatlı, M., Akoglu, A. (2020). Food allergy knowledge, attitude and practices of restaurant employees in Istanbul, Turkey. Academic Food, 18(2), 125-134. https://doi.org/10.24323/akademik-gida.758812
  • Ural, A., Kılıç, I. (2013). Bilimsel Araştırma Süreci ve SPSS ile Veri Analizi, Ankara: Detay Publishing. ISBN: 9789758969173
  • Wen, H., Kwon, J. (2017). Restaurant servers risk perceptions and risk communication-related behaviors when serving customers with food allergies in the U.S. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 64, 11-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2017.03.009
  • Wham, C.A., Sharma, K.M. (2014). Knowledge of café and restaurant managers to provide a safe meal to food allergic consumers. Nutrition and Dietetics, 71(4), 265-269. https://doi.org/10.1111/1747-0080.12104

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Food Science and Technology
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Uğur LOKMAN (Primary Author)
Istanbul Gedik University, Faculty of Fine Arts and Architecture, Department of Gastronomy and Culinary Arts
0000-0002-3004-2303
Türkiye


Aylin AKOĞLU
Abant Izzet Baysal University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics
0000-0002-0136-4928
Türkiye

Thanks Authors are thankful for the hotel kitchen staff who participated in this research study. This study was a part of a Master Thesis of Uğur Lokman (Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, Department of Gastronomy and Culinary Arts).
Early Pub Date November 12, 2021
Publication Date January 1, 2022
Application Date June 12, 2021
Acceptance Date July 29, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jfhs951474, journal = {Food and Health}, eissn = {2602-2834}, address = {Vidin Caddesi No:28 D:4 Kocamustafapaşa 34107 Fatih İstanbul}, publisher = {Özkan ÖZDEN}, year = {2022}, volume = {8}, number = {1}, pages = {23 - 34}, doi = {10.3153/FH22003}, title = {Food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and practices of food handlers working in the five-star hotel kitchens in Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Lokman, Uğur and Akoğlu, Aylin} }
APA Lokman, U. & Akoğlu, A. (2022). Food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and practices of food handlers working in the five-star hotel kitchens in Turkey . Food and Health , 8 (1) , 23-34 . DOI: 10.3153/FH22003
MLA Lokman, U. , Akoğlu, A. "Food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and practices of food handlers working in the five-star hotel kitchens in Turkey" . Food and Health 8 (2022 ): 23-34 <http://jfhs.scientificwebjournals.com/en/pub/issue/65769/951474>
Chicago Lokman, U. , Akoğlu, A. "Food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and practices of food handlers working in the five-star hotel kitchens in Turkey". Food and Health 8 (2022 ): 23-34
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and practices of food handlers working in the five-star hotel kitchens in Turkey AU - Uğur Lokman , Aylin Akoğlu Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.3153/FH22003 DO - 10.3153/FH22003 T2 - Food and Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 23 EP - 34 VL - 8 IS - 1 SN - -2602-2834 M3 - doi: 10.3153/FH22003 UR - https://doi.org/10.3153/FH22003 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Food and Health Food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and practices of food handlers working in the five-star hotel kitchens in Turkey %A Uğur Lokman , Aylin Akoğlu %T Food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and practices of food handlers working in the five-star hotel kitchens in Turkey %D 2022 %J Food and Health %P -2602-2834 %V 8 %N 1 %R doi: 10.3153/FH22003 %U 10.3153/FH22003
ISNAD Lokman, Uğur , Akoğlu, Aylin . "Food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and practices of food handlers working in the five-star hotel kitchens in Turkey". Food and Health 8 / 1 (January 2022): 23-34 . https://doi.org/10.3153/FH22003
AMA Lokman U. , Akoğlu A. Food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and practices of food handlers working in the five-star hotel kitchens in Turkey. Food Health. 2022; 8(1): 23-34.
Vancouver Lokman U. , Akoğlu A. Food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and practices of food handlers working in the five-star hotel kitchens in Turkey. Food and Health. 2022; 8(1): 23-34.
IEEE U. Lokman and A. Akoğlu , "Food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and practices of food handlers working in the five-star hotel kitchens in Turkey", Food and Health, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 23-34, Jan. 2022, doi:10.3153/FH22003

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