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Evaluation of the effect of cooling on the microbiological quality of lamb carcasses

Yıl 2021, Cilt 7, Sayı 3, 179 - 184, 01.07.2021
https://doi.org/10.3153/FH21019

Öz

This study aimed to determine the effects of cooling on microbiological quality of lamb carcasses. Total Aerobic Bacteria Count (TABC), Enterobactericeae counts and the presence of Salmonella spp. were investigated in accordance with the Turkish Food Codex Regulation on Microbiological Criteria and European Union Commission Regulation 2073/2005. Sampling was carried out on aseptic conditions from the surface of 25 randomly selected lambs brought to slaughterhouse. The results showed that the mean TABC were 2.24±0.087 log cfu/cm2 before cooling and 2.41±0.061 log cfu/cm2 after cooling (P>0.05). The mean Enterobactericeae count was 0.21±0.11 log cfu/cm2 before cooling and 0.69±0.13 log cfu/cm2 after cooling (P<0.01). Furthermore, Salmonella spp. were determined on 3 carcasses before cooling and one another carcass after cooling. The influence of cooling on categorisation according to the legislations presented that it could potentially improve the numbers of acceptable carcasses for TABC and Salmonella spp. Nevertheless, the results exhibited that the hygiene and cooling stage of the slaughter line must be re-evaluated in terms of HACCP requirements and that corrective measures/actions must be taken.

Kaynakça

  • Borch, E., Arinder, P. (2002). Bacteriological safety issues in red meat and ready-to-eat meat products, as well as control measures. Meat Science, 62, 381-390. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(02)00125-0
  • Duffy, E.A., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., LeValley, S.B., Kain, M.L., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., Kimberling, C.V. (2001). Microbial contamination occurring on lamb carcasses processed in the United States. Journal of Food Protection, 64, 503-508. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-64.4.503
  • EC/47 (2001). Commission of the European Communities: European Commission decision of 8 June 2001. Laying down rules for the regular checks on the general hygiene carried out by the operators in establishments according to Directive 64/433/EEC on health conditions for the production and marketing of fresh meat and Directive 71/118/EEC on health problems affecting the production and placing on the market of fresh poultry meat (EC/471), Official Journal of the European Communities, L165, 48-53.
  • EC/2073 (2005). Commission of the European Communities: European Commission decision of 15 November 2005 on microbiological criteria for foodstuffs (EC/2073/2005). Official Journal of the European Communities, L338, 1-26.
  • EC/1441 (2007). Commission of the European Communities: European Commission decision of 5 December 2007 amending Regulation (EC) 2073/2005 on Microbiological criteria for foodstuffs (EC/1441/2007). Official Journal of the European Communities, L322, 12-29.
  • Fernandez, A.M., Vieira, C. (2012). Effect of chilling applied to suckling lamb carcasses on hygienic, physicochemical and sensory meat quality. Meat Science, 92, 569-574. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2012.05.029
  • Gill, C.O., Jones, T. (1997). Assessment of the hygienic performances of an air-cooling process for lamb carcasses and a spray-cooling process for pig carcasses. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 38, 85-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1605(97)00087-1
  • Gürbüz, Ü., Telli, A.E., Kahraman, H.A., Balpetekkülcü, D., Yalçın, S. (2018). Determination of microbial contamination, pH and temperature changes in sheep and cattle carcasses during the slaughter and pre-cooling processes in Konya, Turkey. Italian Journal of Food Science, 30, 828-839.
  • Hauge, S.J., Wahlgren, M., Rotterud, O.J., Nesbakken, T. (2011). Hot water surface pasteurisation of lamb: Microbial effects and cost-benefit considerations. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 146, 69-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2011.02.003
  • ISO 4833-2 (2013). Microbiology of the food chain - Horizontal method for the enumeration of microorganisms - Part 2: Colony count at 30 degrees C by the surface plating technique. International Standard 2013, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • ISO 17604 (2015). Microbiology of the food chain - Carcass sampling for microbiological analysis. International Standard 2015, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • ISO 6579-1. (2017). Microbiology of the food chain - Horizontal method for the detection, enumeration and serotyping of Salmonella - Part 1: Detection of Salmonella spp.. International Standard 2017, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • ISO 21528-2. (2017). Microbiology of the food chain - Horizontal method for the detection and enumeration of Enterobacteriaceae - Part 2: Colony-count technique. International Standard 2017, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Guerini, M.N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. (2007). Microbiological characterization of lamb carcasses at commercial processing plants in the United States. Journal of Food Protection, 70, 1811-1819. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-70.8.1811
  • Lenahan, M., O’Brien, S.B., Kinsella, K., Sweeney, T., Sheridan, J.J. (2010). Assessment of lamb carcass hygiene before and after chilling at five Irish abattoirs. Food Control, 21, 313-318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2009.06.011
  • Milios, K., Mataragas, M., Pantouvakis, A., Drosinos, E.H., Zoiopoulos, P.E. (2011). Evaluation of control over the microbiological contamination of carcasses in a lamb carcass dressing process operated with or without pasteurizing treatment. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 146, 170-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2011.02.023
  • O’Brien, S.B., Lenahan, M., Sweeney, T., Sheridan, J.J. (2007). Assessing the hygiene of pig carcasses using whole-body carcass swabs compared with the four-site method in EC Decision 471. Journal of Food Protection, 70(2), 432-439. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-70.2.432 Regulation of Special Hygiene Rules for Animal Food. Law of Authorization: 5996. Official Gazette of Publication: 27.12.2011. Nr. 28155.
  • Salmela, S.P., Fredriksson-Ahomaa, M., Hatakka, M., Nevas, M. (2013). Microbiological contamination of sheep carcases in Finland by excision and swabbing sampling. Food Control, 31, 372-378. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2012.10.017
  • Seo, K.S., Bohach, G.A. (2013). Salmonella spp. In M.P. Doyle, L.R. Beuchat (Eds.), Food Microbiology: Fundamentals and Frontiers (p. 225-262). Washington: ASM Press.
  • Sheridan, J.J. (2000). Monitoring CCPs in HACCP system. In M. Brown (Ed.), HACCP in the meat industry (p. 203-230). Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1533/9781855736443.3.203
  • Turkish Food Codex (TFC) (2011). Turkish Food Codex, Regulation of microbiological criteria. Law of Authorization: 5996. Official Gazette of Publication: 29.12.2011. Nr. 28157.
  • Yalçın, S., Nizamlıoğlu, M., Gürbüz, Ü. (2004). Microbiological conditions of sheep carcasses during the slaughtering process. Journal of Food Safety, 24, 87-93. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4565.2004.tb00377.x
  • Yu, S.L., Cooke, P.H., Tu, S.I. (2001). Effects of chilling on sampling of bacteria attached to swine carcasses. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 32, 205-210. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1472-765x.2001.00886.x
  • Zweifel, C., Stephan, R. (2003). Microbiological monitoring of sheep carcass contamination in three Swiss abattoirs. Journal of Food Protection, 66, 946-952. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-66.6.946

Yıl 2021, Cilt 7, Sayı 3, 179 - 184, 01.07.2021
https://doi.org/10.3153/FH21019

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Borch, E., Arinder, P. (2002). Bacteriological safety issues in red meat and ready-to-eat meat products, as well as control measures. Meat Science, 62, 381-390. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(02)00125-0
  • Duffy, E.A., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., LeValley, S.B., Kain, M.L., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., Kimberling, C.V. (2001). Microbial contamination occurring on lamb carcasses processed in the United States. Journal of Food Protection, 64, 503-508. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-64.4.503
  • EC/47 (2001). Commission of the European Communities: European Commission decision of 8 June 2001. Laying down rules for the regular checks on the general hygiene carried out by the operators in establishments according to Directive 64/433/EEC on health conditions for the production and marketing of fresh meat and Directive 71/118/EEC on health problems affecting the production and placing on the market of fresh poultry meat (EC/471), Official Journal of the European Communities, L165, 48-53.
  • EC/2073 (2005). Commission of the European Communities: European Commission decision of 15 November 2005 on microbiological criteria for foodstuffs (EC/2073/2005). Official Journal of the European Communities, L338, 1-26.
  • EC/1441 (2007). Commission of the European Communities: European Commission decision of 5 December 2007 amending Regulation (EC) 2073/2005 on Microbiological criteria for foodstuffs (EC/1441/2007). Official Journal of the European Communities, L322, 12-29.
  • Fernandez, A.M., Vieira, C. (2012). Effect of chilling applied to suckling lamb carcasses on hygienic, physicochemical and sensory meat quality. Meat Science, 92, 569-574. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2012.05.029
  • Gill, C.O., Jones, T. (1997). Assessment of the hygienic performances of an air-cooling process for lamb carcasses and a spray-cooling process for pig carcasses. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 38, 85-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1605(97)00087-1
  • Gürbüz, Ü., Telli, A.E., Kahraman, H.A., Balpetekkülcü, D., Yalçın, S. (2018). Determination of microbial contamination, pH and temperature changes in sheep and cattle carcasses during the slaughter and pre-cooling processes in Konya, Turkey. Italian Journal of Food Science, 30, 828-839.
  • Hauge, S.J., Wahlgren, M., Rotterud, O.J., Nesbakken, T. (2011). Hot water surface pasteurisation of lamb: Microbial effects and cost-benefit considerations. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 146, 69-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2011.02.003
  • ISO 4833-2 (2013). Microbiology of the food chain - Horizontal method for the enumeration of microorganisms - Part 2: Colony count at 30 degrees C by the surface plating technique. International Standard 2013, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • ISO 17604 (2015). Microbiology of the food chain - Carcass sampling for microbiological analysis. International Standard 2015, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • ISO 6579-1. (2017). Microbiology of the food chain - Horizontal method for the detection, enumeration and serotyping of Salmonella - Part 1: Detection of Salmonella spp.. International Standard 2017, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • ISO 21528-2. (2017). Microbiology of the food chain - Horizontal method for the detection and enumeration of Enterobacteriaceae - Part 2: Colony-count technique. International Standard 2017, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Guerini, M.N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. (2007). Microbiological characterization of lamb carcasses at commercial processing plants in the United States. Journal of Food Protection, 70, 1811-1819. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-70.8.1811
  • Lenahan, M., O’Brien, S.B., Kinsella, K., Sweeney, T., Sheridan, J.J. (2010). Assessment of lamb carcass hygiene before and after chilling at five Irish abattoirs. Food Control, 21, 313-318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2009.06.011
  • Milios, K., Mataragas, M., Pantouvakis, A., Drosinos, E.H., Zoiopoulos, P.E. (2011). Evaluation of control over the microbiological contamination of carcasses in a lamb carcass dressing process operated with or without pasteurizing treatment. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 146, 170-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2011.02.023
  • O’Brien, S.B., Lenahan, M., Sweeney, T., Sheridan, J.J. (2007). Assessing the hygiene of pig carcasses using whole-body carcass swabs compared with the four-site method in EC Decision 471. Journal of Food Protection, 70(2), 432-439. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-70.2.432 Regulation of Special Hygiene Rules for Animal Food. Law of Authorization: 5996. Official Gazette of Publication: 27.12.2011. Nr. 28155.
  • Salmela, S.P., Fredriksson-Ahomaa, M., Hatakka, M., Nevas, M. (2013). Microbiological contamination of sheep carcases in Finland by excision and swabbing sampling. Food Control, 31, 372-378. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2012.10.017
  • Seo, K.S., Bohach, G.A. (2013). Salmonella spp. In M.P. Doyle, L.R. Beuchat (Eds.), Food Microbiology: Fundamentals and Frontiers (p. 225-262). Washington: ASM Press.
  • Sheridan, J.J. (2000). Monitoring CCPs in HACCP system. In M. Brown (Ed.), HACCP in the meat industry (p. 203-230). Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1533/9781855736443.3.203
  • Turkish Food Codex (TFC) (2011). Turkish Food Codex, Regulation of microbiological criteria. Law of Authorization: 5996. Official Gazette of Publication: 29.12.2011. Nr. 28157.
  • Yalçın, S., Nizamlıoğlu, M., Gürbüz, Ü. (2004). Microbiological conditions of sheep carcasses during the slaughtering process. Journal of Food Safety, 24, 87-93. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4565.2004.tb00377.x
  • Yu, S.L., Cooke, P.H., Tu, S.I. (2001). Effects of chilling on sampling of bacteria attached to swine carcasses. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 32, 205-210. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1472-765x.2001.00886.x
  • Zweifel, C., Stephan, R. (2003). Microbiological monitoring of sheep carcass contamination in three Swiss abattoirs. Journal of Food Protection, 66, 946-952. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-66.6.946

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Gıda Bilimi ve Teknolojisi
Bölüm Research Articles
Yazarlar

Yasemin YALÇIN Bu kişi benim
AYDIN ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
0000-0002-5376-2813
Türkiye


Pelin KİZANLİK (Sorumlu Yazar)
Aydın Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Besin Hijyeni ve Teknolojisi Anabilim Dalı
0000-0002-9824-9271
Türkiye


Cemil SAHINER
AYDIN ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ, BESİN-GIDA HİJYENİ VE TEKNOLOJİSİ BÖLÜMÜ, VETERİNERLİK BESİN, HİJYENİ VE TEKNOLOJİSİ ANABİLİM DALI
0000-0003-4368-4732
Türkiye


Ergün Ömer GÖKSOY Bu kişi benim
AYDIN ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ, BESİN-GIDA HİJYENİ VE TEKNOLOJİSİ BÖLÜMÜ, VETERİNERLİK BESİN, HİJYENİ VE TEKNOLOJİSİ ANABİLİM DALI
0000-0001-9165-5894
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Aydın Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Birimi
Proje Numarası VTF-17034
Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Temmuz 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 29 Ekim 2020
Kabul Tarihi 27 Ocak 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 7, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jfhs818211, journal = {Food and Health}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2834}, address = {Vidin Caddesi No:28 D:4 Kocamustafapaşa 34107 Fatih İstanbul}, publisher = {Özkan ÖZDEN}, year = {2021}, volume = {7}, pages = {179 - 184}, doi = {10.3153/FH21019}, title = {Evaluation of the effect of cooling on the microbiological quality of lamb carcasses}, key = {cite}, author = {Yalçın, Yasemin and Kizanlik, Pelin and Sahıner, Cemil and Göksoy, Ergün Ömer} }
APA Yalçın, Y. , Kizanlik, P. , Sahıner, C. & Göksoy, E. Ö. (2021). Evaluation of the effect of cooling on the microbiological quality of lamb carcasses . Food and Health , 7 (3) , 179-184 . DOI: 10.3153/FH21019
MLA Yalçın, Y. , Kizanlik, P. , Sahıner, C. , Göksoy, E. Ö. "Evaluation of the effect of cooling on the microbiological quality of lamb carcasses" . Food and Health 7 (2021 ): 179-184 <http://jfhs.scientificwebjournals.com/tr/pub/issue/61021/818211>
Chicago Yalçın, Y. , Kizanlik, P. , Sahıner, C. , Göksoy, E. Ö. "Evaluation of the effect of cooling on the microbiological quality of lamb carcasses". Food and Health 7 (2021 ): 179-184
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of the effect of cooling on the microbiological quality of lamb carcasses AU - Yasemin Yalçın , Pelin Kizanlik , Cemil Sahıner , Ergün Ömer Göksoy Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.3153/FH21019 DO - 10.3153/FH21019 T2 - Food and Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 179 EP - 184 VL - 7 IS - 3 SN - -2602-2834 M3 - doi: 10.3153/FH21019 UR - https://doi.org/10.3153/FH21019 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Food and Health Evaluation of the effect of cooling on the microbiological quality of lamb carcasses %A Yasemin Yalçın , Pelin Kizanlik , Cemil Sahıner , Ergün Ömer Göksoy %T Evaluation of the effect of cooling on the microbiological quality of lamb carcasses %D 2021 %J Food and Health %P -2602-2834 %V 7 %N 3 %R doi: 10.3153/FH21019 %U 10.3153/FH21019
ISNAD Yalçın, Yasemin , Kizanlik, Pelin , Sahıner, Cemil , Göksoy, Ergün Ömer . "Evaluation of the effect of cooling on the microbiological quality of lamb carcasses". Food and Health 7 / 3 (Temmuz 2021): 179-184 . https://doi.org/10.3153/FH21019
AMA Yalçın Y. , Kizanlik P. , Sahıner C. , Göksoy E. Ö. Evaluation of the effect of cooling on the microbiological quality of lamb carcasses. Food Health. 2021; 7(3): 179-184.
Vancouver Yalçın Y. , Kizanlik P. , Sahıner C. , Göksoy E. Ö. Evaluation of the effect of cooling on the microbiological quality of lamb carcasses. Food and Health. 2021; 7(3): 179-184.
IEEE Y. Yalçın , P. Kizanlik , C. Sahıner ve E. Ö. Göksoy , "Evaluation of the effect of cooling on the microbiological quality of lamb carcasses", Food and Health, c. 7, sayı. 3, ss. 179-184, Tem. 2021, doi:10.3153/FH21019

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