Year 2019, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1 - 11 2019-01-01

ANTIBACTERIAL CHARACTERISTICS AND BACTERIA COMPOSITION OF PINEAPPLE (Ananas comosus [Linn.] Merr.) PEEL AND PULP

Matthew Chidozie Ogwu [1] , Faith Osasu-Oviaesu Omorotionmwan [2] , Happiness Isioma Ogwu [3]

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Pineapple (Ananas comosus [Linn.] Merr.) is a crop with huge economic potentials. In Nigeria, the plant is cultivated in diverse environment and common among fruit vendors. This study is aimed to collect different morphotypes of A. comosus from public market to assess the bacterial composition and antibacterial properties using standard procedures. Bacterial colonies obtained from the peel and pulp were in the range of 1.19 × 104 to 9.10 × 104 CFU/mL. Higher counts were obtained from the peel than the pulp. More so, results implicated the presence of gram-positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus faecalis, Bacillus species and Clostridium species on pineapple peels and pulps, which may cause contamination of the fruit, health risks to consumers or handlers of the fruits and barks as well as changes during storage and decreased marketability. Greater varieties of bacteria were also recorded from the peel than the pulp. When antibacterial properties were assessed, no zone of inhibition of pineapple juice extracted from the peel was obtained against susceptible clinical isolates (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus faecalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) using alcohol extract. On the other hand, zone of inhibition in the range of 13 – 16 mm were obtained from pineapple bark. The results of minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration suggests that pineapple bark extract had significant inhibitory and bactericidal effects on the isolates. These suggest the need for health-related ministries, departments and sectors to develop a protocol to monitor and ensure that street vended fruits and foods are fit for consumption and free from pathogens, which may potentially give rise to public health challenges. The antibacterial properties highlighted in this study may also be further explored for manufacturing antimicrobial drugs and products.  

Pineapple (Ananas comosus), Antibacterial characteristics, Bacterial composition, Inhibition zone, Street vended fruit
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Primary Language en
Subjects Food Science and Technology
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-6054-1667
Author: Matthew Chidozie Ogwu (Primary Author)
Institution: School of Biological Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanakro, Gwanakgu, Seoul
Country: South Korea


Orcid: 0000-0002-0968-3923
Author: Faith Osasu-Oviaesu Omorotionmwan
Institution: Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City
Country: Nigeria


Orcid: 0000-0001-7688-3979
Author: Happiness Isioma Ogwu
Institution: Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Universi-ty of Benin, Benin City
Country: Nigeria


Dates

Publication Date: January 1, 2019

Bibtex @research article { jfhs382307, journal = {FOOD and HEALTH}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2834}, address = {ScientificWebJournals}, year = {2019}, volume = {5}, pages = {1 - 11}, doi = {10.3153/FH19001}, title = {ANTIBACTERIAL CHARACTERISTICS AND BACTERIA COMPOSITION OF PINEAPPLE (Ananas comosus [Linn.] Merr.) PEEL AND PULP}, key = {cite}, author = {Ogwu, Matthew Chidozie and Omorotionmwan, Faith Osasu-Oviaesu and Ogwu, Happiness Isioma} }
APA Ogwu, M , Omorotionmwan, F , Ogwu, H . (2019). ANTIBACTERIAL CHARACTERISTICS AND BACTERIA COMPOSITION OF PINEAPPLE (Ananas comosus [Linn.] Merr.) PEEL AND PULP. FOOD and HEALTH, 5 (1), 1-11. DOI: 10.3153/FH19001
MLA Ogwu, M , Omorotionmwan, F , Ogwu, H . "ANTIBACTERIAL CHARACTERISTICS AND BACTERIA COMPOSITION OF PINEAPPLE (Ananas comosus [Linn.] Merr.) PEEL AND PULP". FOOD and HEALTH 5 (2019): 1-11 <http://jfhs.scientificwebjournals.com/issue/38141/382307>
Chicago Ogwu, M , Omorotionmwan, F , Ogwu, H . "ANTIBACTERIAL CHARACTERISTICS AND BACTERIA COMPOSITION OF PINEAPPLE (Ananas comosus [Linn.] Merr.) PEEL AND PULP". FOOD and HEALTH 5 (2019): 1-11
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - ANTIBACTERIAL CHARACTERISTICS AND BACTERIA COMPOSITION OF PINEAPPLE (Ananas comosus [Linn.] Merr.) PEEL AND PULP AU - Matthew Chidozie Ogwu , Faith Osasu-Oviaesu Omorotionmwan , Happiness Isioma Ogwu Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.3153/FH19001 DO - 10.3153/FH19001 T2 - FOOD and HEALTH JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 11 VL - 5 IS - 1 SN - -2602-2834 M3 - doi: 10.3153/FH19001 UR - https://doi.org/10.3153/FH19001 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 FOOD and HEALTH ANTIBACTERIAL CHARACTERISTICS AND BACTERIA COMPOSITION OF PINEAPPLE (Ananas comosus [Linn.] Merr.) PEEL AND PULP %A Matthew Chidozie Ogwu , Faith Osasu-Oviaesu Omorotionmwan , Happiness Isioma Ogwu %T ANTIBACTERIAL CHARACTERISTICS AND BACTERIA COMPOSITION OF PINEAPPLE (Ananas comosus [Linn.] Merr.) PEEL AND PULP %D 2019 %J FOOD and HEALTH %P -2602-2834 %V 5 %N 1 %R doi: 10.3153/FH19001 %U 10.3153/FH19001
ISNAD Ogwu, Matthew Chidozie , Omorotionmwan, Faith Osasu-Oviaesu , Ogwu, Happiness Isioma . "ANTIBACTERIAL CHARACTERISTICS AND BACTERIA COMPOSITION OF PINEAPPLE (Ananas comosus [Linn.] Merr.) PEEL AND PULP". FOOD and HEALTH 5 / 1 (January 2019): 1-11. https://doi.org/10.3153/FH19001
AMA Ogwu M , Omorotionmwan F , Ogwu H . ANTIBACTERIAL CHARACTERISTICS AND BACTERIA COMPOSITION OF PINEAPPLE (Ananas comosus [Linn.] Merr.) PEEL AND PULP. Food Health. 2019; 5(1): 1-11.
Vancouver Ogwu M , Omorotionmwan F , Ogwu H . ANTIBACTERIAL CHARACTERISTICS AND BACTERIA COMPOSITION OF PINEAPPLE (Ananas comosus [Linn.] Merr.) PEEL AND PULP. FOOD and HEALTH. 2019; 5(1): 11-1.