Year 2019, Volume 5 , Issue 4, Pages 281 - 290 2019-10-01

THE PREVALENCE AND DIAGNOSTIC METHODS OF LACTOSE INTOLERANCE AND LACTOSE-FREE DIET RECOMMENDATIONS
LAKTOZ İNTOLERANSIN PREVALANSI, TEŞHİSİ VE LAKTOZSUZ BESLENME TAVSİYELERİ

Furkan Demirgül [1] , Recep Demirgül [2]


Lactose is a disaccharide found only in milk, and after weaning, the synthesis of lactase, which breaks down lactose, stops or decreases in most individuals. This condition, known as lactose intolerance, results in the inability of the digestion of milk and is very common in the world. Because of the single nucleotide polymorphisms occurring on the lactase gene, the lactase enzyme can be synthesized for life in some individuals. The prevalence of this condition called lactase persistence varies according to ethnic groups. Although there are various methods for the diagnosis of lactose intolerance, observation of symptoms is often sufficient for the diagnosis of the disease. Those who have lactose intolerance should apply a life-long lactose-free diet. Since milk is a rich source of some important nutrients such as calcium, it is important for lactose intolerance patients to meet their needs like calcium from foods with low lactose content such as cheese and yogurt. In this study, information about lactose intolerance was given and lactose intolerance prevalence, diagnosis methods, and lactose-free diet were examined. This study aims to increase the lactose intolerance awareness of both patients and food industry stakeholders.

Laktoz, sadece sütte bulunan bir disakkarit olup, emmeyi bıraktıktan sonra çoğu kişide laktozu parçalayan laktaz enziminin sentezi durmakta veya azalmaktadır. Laktoz intolerans olarak bilinen bu durum sütün sindirilememesiyle sonuçlanmakta ve dünyada çok sık görülmektedir. Laktaz geni üzerinde meydana gelen tek nükleotit polimorfizmleri nedeniyle bazı kişilerde laktaz enzimi yaşam boyu sentezlenebilmektedir. Laktaz kalıcılığı olarak adlandırılan bu durumun prevalansı etnik gruplara göre değişmektedir. Laktoz intoleransın teşhisinde çeşitli yöntemler uygulanmasına rağmen, çoğu zaman semptomların gözlenmesi hastalık teşhisi için yeterli olmaktadır. Laktoz intolerans olanlar ömür boyu sürecek laktozsuz bir diyet uygulamalıdır. Süt kalsiyum gibi bazı önemli besin öğeleri açısından zengin bir kaynak olduğu için, laktoz intolerans hastalarının kalsiyum gibi ihtiyaçlarını peynir ve yoğurt gibi laktoz içeriği düşük olan gıdalardan karşılamaları önemlidir. Bu çalışmada, laktoz intolerans hakkında bilgi verilerek, laktoz intoleransın prevalansı ve teşhis yöntemleri ile laktozsuz beslenme üzerinde durulmuştur. Bu çalışma ile laktoz intolerans farkındalığının hem hastalar tarafından hem de gıda endüstrisinin paydaşları tarafından arttırılması hedeflenmektedir.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Food Science and Technology
Journal Section Review Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-0141-0058
Author: Furkan Demirgül (Primary Author)
Institution: Doğuş Üniversitesi, Sanat ve Tasarım Fakültesi, Gastronomi ve Mutfak Sanatları Bölümü, İstanbul
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8809-1522
Author: Recep Demirgül
Institution: Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi, Meram Tıp Fakültesi, Genel Cerrahi Ana Bilim Dalı, Yoğun Bakım Bilim Dalı, Konya
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : March 1, 2019
Acceptance Date : May 14, 2019
Publication Date : October 1, 2019

Bibtex @review { jfhs534561, journal = {Food and Health}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2834}, address = {Vidin Caddesi No:28 D:4 Kocamustafapaşa 34107 Fatih İstanbul}, publisher = {ScientificWebJournals}, year = {2019}, volume = {5}, pages = {281 - 290}, doi = {10.3153/FH19028}, title = {LAKTOZ İNTOLERANSIN PREVALANSI, TEŞHİSİ VE LAKTOZSUZ BESLENME TAVSİYELERİ}, key = {cite}, author = {Demirgül, Furkan and Demirgül, Recep} }
APA Demirgül, F , Demirgül, R . (2019). LAKTOZ İNTOLERANSIN PREVALANSI, TEŞHİSİ VE LAKTOZSUZ BESLENME TAVSİYELERİ. Food and Health , 5 (4) , 281-290 . DOI: 10.3153/FH19028
MLA Demirgül, F , Demirgül, R . "LAKTOZ İNTOLERANSIN PREVALANSI, TEŞHİSİ VE LAKTOZSUZ BESLENME TAVSİYELERİ". Food and Health 5 (2019 ): 281-290 <http://jfhs.scientificwebjournals.com/en/issue/46056/534561>
Chicago Demirgül, F , Demirgül, R . "LAKTOZ İNTOLERANSIN PREVALANSI, TEŞHİSİ VE LAKTOZSUZ BESLENME TAVSİYELERİ". Food and Health 5 (2019 ): 281-290
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - LAKTOZ İNTOLERANSIN PREVALANSI, TEŞHİSİ VE LAKTOZSUZ BESLENME TAVSİYELERİ AU - Furkan Demirgül , Recep Demirgül Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.3153/FH19028 DO - 10.3153/FH19028 T2 - Food and Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 281 EP - 290 VL - 5 IS - 4 SN - -2602-2834 M3 - doi: 10.3153/FH19028 UR - https://doi.org/10.3153/FH19028 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Food and Health LAKTOZ İNTOLERANSIN PREVALANSI, TEŞHİSİ VE LAKTOZSUZ BESLENME TAVSİYELERİ %A Furkan Demirgül , Recep Demirgül %T LAKTOZ İNTOLERANSIN PREVALANSI, TEŞHİSİ VE LAKTOZSUZ BESLENME TAVSİYELERİ %D 2019 %J Food and Health %P -2602-2834 %V 5 %N 4 %R doi: 10.3153/FH19028 %U 10.3153/FH19028
ISNAD Demirgül, Furkan , Demirgül, Recep . "LAKTOZ İNTOLERANSIN PREVALANSI, TEŞHİSİ VE LAKTOZSUZ BESLENME TAVSİYELERİ". Food and Health 5 / 4 (October 2019): 281-290 . https://doi.org/10.3153/FH19028
AMA Demirgül F , Demirgül R . LAKTOZ İNTOLERANSIN PREVALANSI, TEŞHİSİ VE LAKTOZSUZ BESLENME TAVSİYELERİ. Food Health. 2019; 5(4): 281-290.
Vancouver Demirgül F , Demirgül R . LAKTOZ İNTOLERANSIN PREVALANSI, TEŞHİSİ VE LAKTOZSUZ BESLENME TAVSİYELERİ. Food and Health. 2019; 5(4): 290-281.