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Gıda ve su kaynaklı önemli viral enfeksiyonların güncel durumu ve korunma stratejileri

Yıl 2021, Cilt 7, Sayı 3, 227 - 241, 01.07.2021
https://doi.org/10.3153/FH21024

Öz

Günümüzde enfeksiyöz etkenlerin tanı tekniklerindeki ilerlemeler ve kullanımlarının yaygınlaşması ile viral etkenlerin gıda ve su kaynaklı hastalıklardaki prevalansları dünya genelinde daha da önem kazanmıştır. Gıda ve su kaynaklı virüslerin, gastroenterit ve hepatit yanı sıra nörolojik bozukluklar, solunum yolu hastalıkları, myokardit, glomerulonefrit ve hemorajik ateşe neden olabildiği, özellikle bebek/çocuk ve immun yetmezliği olan bireylerde ölüm oranının yüksek olduğu belirtilmektedir. Ayrıca etkenlerin, çevresel şartlara ve gıda proseslerine karşı dirençli olması nedeni ile sıcaklık ve yüksek basınç uygulamaları, doğal antiviral bileşikler, UV uygulamaları ve konvansiyonel temizlik-dezenfeksiyon ile eliminasyonları diğer mikroorganizmalara göre daha zor olmakta, hatta yetersiz kalmaktadır. Viral enfeksiyonlardan korunmada, aşı uygulamaları ile birlikte, üretimde GMP, GHP ve HACCP sistem yaklaşımları, etkenlerin gıda ortamında ve toplumda minimize edilmesini sağlayan en etkin yol olarak görülmektedir. Bu derleme makalesinde, gıda ve su kaynaklı viral etkenlerden dünya çapında özellikle yüksek prevalans ile seyrettiği rapor edilen, enterotropik virüslerden NoV, AstV, RoV ve AdV ile hepatotropik virüsler olan HAV ve HEV’in genel özellikleri, oluşturdukları hastalık tabloları ve epidemiyolojileri ile uygulanan korunma ve kontrol tedbirlerine dair güncel bilgilere yer verilmiştir.

Kaynakça

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Current status of major foodborne and waterborne viral infections and their prevention strategies

Yıl 2021, Cilt 7, Sayı 3, 227 - 241, 01.07.2021
https://doi.org/10.3153/FH21024

Öz

Advances in diagnostic techniques and their widespread use for infectious agents revealed the considerably high current prevalence of viral agents in foodborne and waterborne diseases. Foodborne and waterborne viruses are indicated to cause not only gastroenteritis and hepatitis but also neurological disorders, respiratory tract diseases, myocarditis, glomerulonephritis and hemorrhagic fever, with a particularly high mortality rate in infants/children and in individuals with immune deficiency. Additionally, due to their resistance to environmental conditions and food processes compared to other microorganisms, elimination of these viruses by heat and high pressure applications, natural antiviral compounds, UV applications and conventional cleaning-disinfection remains difficult even inadequate. In protection from viral infections, vaccine applications together with GMP, GHP and HACCP system approaches in production seem to be the most effective approaches to ensure the minimization of viruses in food environment and in public. In this review article, up-to-date information is presented on the general characteristics and the diseases caused by enterotropic viruses; NoV, AstV, RoV, AdV and hepatotropic viruses; HAV and HEV, with a particularly high worldwide prevalence, as well as their epidemiology, prevention and their control measures.

Kaynakça

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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Tıp
Bölüm Review Articles
Yazarlar

Ahmet Gökhan COŞKUN
Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Besin Hijyeni ve Teknolojisi Anabilim Dalı
0000-0002-5181-7577
Türkiye


Ayşegül DEMİRCİOĞLU
Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Besin Hijyeni ve Teknolojisi Anabilim Dalı
0000-0002-5121-2631
Türkiye


Seran TEMELLİ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi, Besin Hijyeni ve Teknolojisi Anabilim Dalı
0000-0002-8869-4929
Türkiye


Ayşegül EYİGÖR
Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi, Besin Hijyeni ve Teknolojisi Anabilim Dalı
0000-0002-2707-3117
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Temmuz 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 11 Ocak 2021
Kabul Tarihi 15 Şubat 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 7, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @derleme { jfhs858623, journal = {Food and Health}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2834}, address = {Vidin Caddesi No:28 D:4 Kocamustafapaşa 34107 Fatih İstanbul}, publisher = {Özkan ÖZDEN}, year = {2021}, volume = {7}, pages = {227 - 241}, doi = {10.3153/FH21024}, title = {Gıda ve su kaynaklı önemli viral enfeksiyonların güncel durumu ve korunma stratejileri}, key = {cite}, author = {Coşkun, Ahmet Gökhan and Demircioğlu, Ayşegül and Temelli, Seran and Eyigör, Ayşegül} }
APA Coşkun, A. G. , Demircioğlu, A. , Temelli, S. & Eyigör, A. (2021). Gıda ve su kaynaklı önemli viral enfeksiyonların güncel durumu ve korunma stratejileri . Food and Health , 7 (3) , 227-241 . DOI: 10.3153/FH21024
MLA Coşkun, A. G. , Demircioğlu, A. , Temelli, S. , Eyigör, A. "Gıda ve su kaynaklı önemli viral enfeksiyonların güncel durumu ve korunma stratejileri" . Food and Health 7 (2021 ): 227-241 <http://jfhs.scientificwebjournals.com/tr/pub/issue/61021/858623>
Chicago Coşkun, A. G. , Demircioğlu, A. , Temelli, S. , Eyigör, A. "Gıda ve su kaynaklı önemli viral enfeksiyonların güncel durumu ve korunma stratejileri". Food and Health 7 (2021 ): 227-241
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Gıda ve su kaynaklı önemli viral enfeksiyonların güncel durumu ve korunma stratejileri AU - Ahmet Gökhan Coşkun , Ayşegül Demircioğlu , Seran Temelli , Ayşegül Eyigör Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.3153/FH21024 DO - 10.3153/FH21024 T2 - Food and Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 227 EP - 241 VL - 7 IS - 3 SN - -2602-2834 M3 - doi: 10.3153/FH21024 UR - https://doi.org/10.3153/FH21024 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Food and Health Gıda ve su kaynaklı önemli viral enfeksiyonların güncel durumu ve korunma stratejileri %A Ahmet Gökhan Coşkun , Ayşegül Demircioğlu , Seran Temelli , Ayşegül Eyigör %T Gıda ve su kaynaklı önemli viral enfeksiyonların güncel durumu ve korunma stratejileri %D 2021 %J Food and Health %P -2602-2834 %V 7 %N 3 %R doi: 10.3153/FH21024 %U 10.3153/FH21024
ISNAD Coşkun, Ahmet Gökhan , Demircioğlu, Ayşegül , Temelli, Seran , Eyigör, Ayşegül . "Gıda ve su kaynaklı önemli viral enfeksiyonların güncel durumu ve korunma stratejileri". Food and Health 7 / 3 (Temmuz 2021): 227-241 . https://doi.org/10.3153/FH21024
AMA Coşkun A. G. , Demircioğlu A. , Temelli S. , Eyigör A. Gıda ve su kaynaklı önemli viral enfeksiyonların güncel durumu ve korunma stratejileri. Food Health. 2021; 7(3): 227-241.
Vancouver Coşkun A. G. , Demircioğlu A. , Temelli S. , Eyigör A. Gıda ve su kaynaklı önemli viral enfeksiyonların güncel durumu ve korunma stratejileri. Food and Health. 2021; 7(3): 227-241.
IEEE A. G. Coşkun , A. Demircioğlu , S. Temelli ve A. Eyigör , "Gıda ve su kaynaklı önemli viral enfeksiyonların güncel durumu ve korunma stratejileri", Food and Health, c. 7, sayı. 3, ss. 227-241, Tem. 2021, doi:10.3153/FH21024

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