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FARKLI KETEN TÜR VE ÇEŞİTLERİNİN BESİN BİLEŞENLERİ, YAĞ ASİTLERİ VE MİNERAL İÇERİKLERİNİN KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI

Yıl 2015, Cilt 1, Sayı 3, 124 - 134, 14.05.2015
https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS15012

Öz

Farklı keten çeşitlerinin ve türlerinin protein, yağ, yağ asitleri ve mineral içerikleri karşılaştırıldı. Yabani keten türünün, Sarı 85 ve Vera çeşidinden daha az yağ içerdiği belirlenmiş­tir. Kültür çeşidi olan Sarı 85 ve Vera çeşidinin protein oranı, yabani ketenden daha yüksek bulunmuştur. Nem oranı ise ya­bani ketende daha yüksek bulunmuştur. Keten tohumlarının hepsinde linolenik asit en fazla oranda bulunan yağ asiti ol­muştur. Yağ asitlerinden palmitik, oleik ve linoleik asit keten tohumlarında farklılık gösterirken, linolenik asit en fazla oranla yabani keten türü ve Sarı 85 çeşidinde bulunmuştur. Yağ asitlerinde n3:n6 oranı en fazla Sarı 85 çeşidinde hesap­lanmıştır. Makro elementler arasında en bol bulunan sırasıyla potasyum, fosfor, magnezyum ve sodyum olmuştur. Mikro elementler içerisinde ise çinko en yüksek düzeyde var olan element olup yabani ketende ise bariz bir şekilde diğerlerin­den daha fazla bulunmuştur. Belirlenen elementler arasında P, Na, Ca, Zn, Ni, Pb elemetleri, yabani keten türünü diğer kültür çeşitlerinden ayırt edici özelliğe sahip olmuşlardır.  

Kaynakça

  • Anke, M., Angelow, L., Glei, M., Muller, M., & Illing, H. (1995): The Biological Importance of Nickel in The Food-Chain. Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 352(1-2): 92-96.
  • Bayrak, A., Kiralan, M., Ipek, A., Arslan, N., Cosge, B., & Khawar, K. M. (2010): Fatty Acid Compositions of Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) Genotypes Of Dıfferent Orıgın Cultıvated in Turkey. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, 24(2):1836-1842.
  • Bhatty, R.S., Cherdklatgumchal, P. (1990): Compositional Analysis of Laboratory-prepared and Commercial Samples of Linseed Meal and of Hull Isolated from Flax. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 67: 79-84.
  • Bozan, B., Temelli, F. (2002). Supercritical CO2 extraction of flaxseed. Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society, 79(3), 231-235. doi: 10.1007/s11746-002-0466-x
  • Bozan, B., & Temelli, F. (2008): Chemical composition and oxidative stability of flax, safflower and poppy seed and seed oils. Bioresource Technology, 99(14): 6354-6359.
  • Brutch NB. 2002. The flax genetic resources collection held at the Vavilov Institute, Russian Federation. In: LM Maggioni, M Pavelek, LJM van Soest and E Lipman (editors). Flax Genetic Resources in Europe. IPGRI, Rome, Italy. pp. 61–65.
  • Canadian Grain Commission. (2009). Quality of western Canadian flaxseed 2009, export quality data, July 2009. Retrieved January 3,2010,from http://www.grainscanada.gc.ca/flax-lin/harvest-recolte/2009/hqf09-qrl09-eng.htm.
  • Champagne, C.M. (2008): Magnesium in Hypertension, Cardiovascular Disease, Metabolic Syndrome, and Other Conditions: A Review. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 23(2): 142-151.
  • Davis, G.K., Mertz, W. (1987): Copper. In: Mertz, W. (Ed.), Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition, vol. 2. Academic Press, Orlando, FL, pp. 301-364.
  • Davis PH (1967). Linum L. In: Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, (Ed.: P.H. Davis). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2: 425-450.
  • Duguid, S., Lafond, G., McAndrew, D.W., Rashid, K.Y., Ulrich, A. (2007): Growing Flax: Production, Management & Diagnostic Guide. Winnipeg, MB: Flax Council of Canada.
  • Elladi V.N. (1940): Linum usitatissimum (L.) Vav. consp. nov. – len. [Linum usitatissimum (L.) Vav. consp. nov. - flax] (In Russian). In: EV Vul’f and NI Vavilov (editors).
  • Erikson, K.M., Thompson, K., Aschner, J., Aschner, M. (2007): Manganese neurotoxicity: A focus on the neonate. Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 113(2): 369-377.
  • Ertug, F. (1998): Anadolu'nun onemli yag bitkilerinden keten/Linum ve izgin/Eruca. TUBA-AR (Turkish Academy of Sciences Journal of Archaeology) 1: 113-127.
  • Fraga, C.G. (2005): Relevance, essentiality and toxicity of trace elements in human health. Molecular Aspects of Medicine, 26(4-5):235-244.
  • Freemantle, E., Vandal, M., Tremblay-Mercier, J., Tremblay, S., Blachere, J.C., Begin, M.E., Thomas Brenna, J., Windust, A., Cunnane, S.C. (2006): Omega-3 fatty acids, energy substrates, and brain function during aging. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids, 75(3): 213-220.
  • Goldhaber, S.B. (2003): Trace element risk assessment: essentiality vs. toxicity. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 38(2): 232-242.
  • Güner, A., Vural, M., Duman, H., Dönmez, A., Șağban, H. (1996): The Flora of the Köyceğiz-Dalyan specially protected area (MuğlaTurkey). Doğa Türk Biyoloji Dergisi, 20: 329-371.
  • Hambidge, K.M., Miller, L.V., Westcott, J.E., Krebs, N.F. (2008): Dietary Reference Intakes for Zinc May Require Adjustment for Phytate Intake Based upon Model Predictions. Journal of Nutrition, 138(12): 2363-2366.
  • Harris, W.S., Miller, M., Tighe, A.P., Davidson, M.H., Schaefer, E.J. (2008): Omega-3 fatty acids and coronary heart disease risk: clinical and mechanistic perspectives. Atherosclerosis, 197(1):12-24.
  • Hettiarachchy, N.S., Hareland, G.A., Ostenson, A., Baldner-Shank, G. (1990): Chemical composition of eleven flaxseed varieties grown in North Dakota. Proc of the Falx Institute of the United States, Flax Institute of the United States, 36-40.
  • Heywood, V.H. (1993): Flowering Plants of the World. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Hickey, M., King, C. (1988): 100 families of flowering plants. 2nd edition. University Press, Cambridge.
  • Hurteau, M.C. (2004): Unique new food products contain good omega fats. Journal of Food Science Education, 3(4): 52-53.
  • Khattab, R.Y., Zeitoun, M.A. (2013): Quality evaluation of flaxseed oil obtained by different extraction techniques. LWT-Food Science and Technology, 53(1): 338-345.
  • Kiralan, M., Gokpinar, F., Ipek, A., Bayrak, A., Arslan, N., Kok, M. S. (2010):Variability of fatty acid and mineral content in linseed (Linum usitatissimum) lines from a range of European sources. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 8(4): 1068-1073.
  • Kul’turnaja Flora SSSR, Prjadil’nye. [Flora of Cultivated Plants of the USSR, Fibre Plants]. Vol. 5, Part 1, pp. 109–207. Sel’chozgiz, Moskva, Leningrad.
  • Life Extension Foundation for Longer Life. (2013): Advanced health and life extension. Zinc in health and Nutrition. Available online at http://www.advance-health.com/zinc/html (verified on August 22, 2013).
  • Mekebo, D., Chandravanshi, B.S. (2014): Levels of Essential and Non-Essential Metals In Linseed (Linum Usitatissimum) Cultivated In Ethiopia. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia, 28(3): 349-362.
  • Moraghan, J.T. (1993): Accumulation Of Cadmium And Selected Elements In Flax Seed Grown On A Calcareous Soil. Plant and Soil, 150(1): 61-68.
  • Morris, D.H. 2003. Flax: A health and nutrition primer. 3rd ed, p.11 Winnipeg: Flax Council of Canada. Downloaded from http://www.jitinc.com/flax/brochure02.pdf (verified on 4/6/12)
  • Morrison, W.R., Smith, L.M. (1964): Preparation of fatty acid methyl esters and dimethyl acetals from lipids with boron trifluoride-methanol. Journal of Lipid Research, 5: 600-608.
  • Oksuz, A., Ozyilmaz, A. (2010): Changes in Fatty Acid Compositions of Black Sea Anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus L. 1758) During Catching Season. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 10(3): 381-385.
  • Oomah, B. D., Mazza, G., & Cui, W. (1994): OPTIMIZATION OF PROTEIN EXTRACTION FROM FLAXSEED MEAL. Food Research International, 27(4): 355-361. doi: 10.1016/0963-9969(94)90191-0
  • Oomah, B.D., Mazza, G., (1993): Flaxseed proteins - a review. Food Chemistry, 48: 109-114.
  • Pan, A., Sun, J., Chen, Y., Ye, X., Li, H., Yu, Z., Wang, Y., Gu, W., Zhang, X., Chen, X., Demark-Wahnefried, W., Liu, Y., Lin, X. (2007): Effects of a FlaxseedDerived Lignan Supplement in Type 2 Diabetic Patients: A Randomized, DoubleBlind, Cross-Over Trial. PLoS ONE, 2(11).
  • Parr, R.M. (1990): Recommended Dietary Intakes of Trace Elements: Some Observations on Their Definition and Interpretation in Comparison with Actual Levels of Dietary Intake. In: H. Tomita (Ed).Trace Elements in Clinical Medicine. Springer-Verlag Tokyo. pp 325-331.
  • Robertson, K.R. (1972): The genera of Geraniaceae in the southeastern United States. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum, 53: 182-201.
  • Simopoulos, A.P. (2002): The importance of the ratio of omega-6/omega-3 essential fatty acids. Biomed Pharmacother; 56(8):365-79.
  • TUNÇTÜRK, M. (2007): Van Kosullarında Bazı Keten (Linum usitatissimum L.) Çesitlerinin Verim ve Bazı Verim Ögelerinin Belirlenmesi. Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 2007, 13(4): 365-371.
  • TÜBİVES, Türkiye Bitkileri Veri Servisi. http://www.tubives.com/.
  • TÜİK(2015): Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu, http://www.tuik.gov.tr/Start.do. Reached in January, 2015.
  • Vromans, J. (2006): Molecular genetic studies in Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.). PhD. Thesis. Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands.
  • Wakjira, A., Labuschagne, M.T, Hugo, A. (2004): Variability in oil content and fatty acid composition of ethiopian and introduced cultivars of linseed. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 84: 601-607.
  • Yılmaz, Ö., Kaynak, G. (2006): Linum hirsutum subsp. platyphyllum stat. nova (Linaceae). Annales Botanici Fennici, 43(1): 62-63.
  • Yılmaz, Ö., Kaynak, G. (2008): A new species of Linum (Linaceae) from west Anatolia, Turkey. Botanical Journal of Linnean Society, 156: 459-462.
  • Yılmaz, Ö., Kaynak, G. (2010): A New Taxon of Linum (Linaceae) from Southwest Anatolia, Turkey. A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature, 20(4): 507-511.
  • Yılmaz, Ö., Kaynak, G., Vural, M. (2003): A new taxon of Linum (Linaceae) from NW Anatolia, Turkey. Annales Botanici Fennici 40(2): 147-150.
  • Zohary, D., Hopf, M., Weiss, E. (2012): Domestication of plants in the old
  • world, 4th edn. Oxford University Press, Oxford products as aflatoxin absorbents in diets for broiler chickens. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 132(1-2): 103-110.
  • SAS (1996): SAS User’ s Guide: Statistics, 1996 edit. SAS Institue, Inc., Carry, NC.
  • Şahin, A. (2009): Effects of dietary Tribulus terrestris L. Powder on growth performance, body components and digestive system of broiler chicks. Journal of Applied Animal Research, 35(2): 193-195.
  • Tipu, M.A., Akhtar, M.S., Anjum, M.I., Raja, M.L. (2006): New dimension of medicinal plants as animal feed. Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 26(3): 144-148.
  • Toker, E., Zincirlioğlu, M., Alarslan, Ö.F. (1998): Hayvan Yetiştirme (Yemler ve Hayvan Besleme). Baran Ofset, Ankara.

COMPARISON OF PROXIMATE, FATTY ACIDS AND ELEMENT COMPOSITION OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES (CULTIVARS) AND SPECIES OF FLAX SEEDS

Yıl 2015, Cilt 1, Sayı 3, 124 - 134, 14.05.2015
https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS15012

Öz

Proximate, fatty acid, and mineral composition of different flax species and cultivars were compared. Lipid content of wild flax was much lower than Sarı 85 and Vera cultivars. Protein content of wild flax was also much lower than Sarı 85 and Vera cultivars. However, moisture content of wild flax was much higher than Sarı 85 and Vera. Linolenik asit was the major fatty acid in all flax seeds with a different ratios. Considering the fatty acids, palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids  showed significant difference (P<0.05)  among the flaxseeds samples. Whereas, wild flax species  and Sarı 85 cultivar contained the highest level of linoleic acid compare to Vera cultivar.  Sarı 85 cultivar had highest n3:n6 ratio with a level  of 4.1, and lowest ratio was observed in Vera cultivar. Amoung the macro elements, K, P, Mg, and  Na were pre-dominant elements and Zn was the most abundant element in the microelements, in particular in wild flaxseed sample. The elements such as, P, Na, Ca, Zn, Ni and Pb  in wild flaxseed were significantly different from Sarı 85 and Vera cultivars (P<0.05).   

Kaynakça

  • Anke, M., Angelow, L., Glei, M., Muller, M., & Illing, H. (1995): The Biological Importance of Nickel in The Food-Chain. Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 352(1-2): 92-96.
  • Bayrak, A., Kiralan, M., Ipek, A., Arslan, N., Cosge, B., & Khawar, K. M. (2010): Fatty Acid Compositions of Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) Genotypes Of Dıfferent Orıgın Cultıvated in Turkey. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, 24(2):1836-1842.
  • Bhatty, R.S., Cherdklatgumchal, P. (1990): Compositional Analysis of Laboratory-prepared and Commercial Samples of Linseed Meal and of Hull Isolated from Flax. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 67: 79-84.
  • Bozan, B., Temelli, F. (2002). Supercritical CO2 extraction of flaxseed. Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society, 79(3), 231-235. doi: 10.1007/s11746-002-0466-x
  • Bozan, B., & Temelli, F. (2008): Chemical composition and oxidative stability of flax, safflower and poppy seed and seed oils. Bioresource Technology, 99(14): 6354-6359.
  • Brutch NB. 2002. The flax genetic resources collection held at the Vavilov Institute, Russian Federation. In: LM Maggioni, M Pavelek, LJM van Soest and E Lipman (editors). Flax Genetic Resources in Europe. IPGRI, Rome, Italy. pp. 61–65.
  • Canadian Grain Commission. (2009). Quality of western Canadian flaxseed 2009, export quality data, July 2009. Retrieved January 3,2010,from http://www.grainscanada.gc.ca/flax-lin/harvest-recolte/2009/hqf09-qrl09-eng.htm.
  • Champagne, C.M. (2008): Magnesium in Hypertension, Cardiovascular Disease, Metabolic Syndrome, and Other Conditions: A Review. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 23(2): 142-151.
  • Davis, G.K., Mertz, W. (1987): Copper. In: Mertz, W. (Ed.), Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition, vol. 2. Academic Press, Orlando, FL, pp. 301-364.
  • Davis PH (1967). Linum L. In: Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, (Ed.: P.H. Davis). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2: 425-450.
  • Duguid, S., Lafond, G., McAndrew, D.W., Rashid, K.Y., Ulrich, A. (2007): Growing Flax: Production, Management & Diagnostic Guide. Winnipeg, MB: Flax Council of Canada.
  • Elladi V.N. (1940): Linum usitatissimum (L.) Vav. consp. nov. – len. [Linum usitatissimum (L.) Vav. consp. nov. - flax] (In Russian). In: EV Vul’f and NI Vavilov (editors).
  • Erikson, K.M., Thompson, K., Aschner, J., Aschner, M. (2007): Manganese neurotoxicity: A focus on the neonate. Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 113(2): 369-377.
  • Ertug, F. (1998): Anadolu'nun onemli yag bitkilerinden keten/Linum ve izgin/Eruca. TUBA-AR (Turkish Academy of Sciences Journal of Archaeology) 1: 113-127.
  • Fraga, C.G. (2005): Relevance, essentiality and toxicity of trace elements in human health. Molecular Aspects of Medicine, 26(4-5):235-244.
  • Freemantle, E., Vandal, M., Tremblay-Mercier, J., Tremblay, S., Blachere, J.C., Begin, M.E., Thomas Brenna, J., Windust, A., Cunnane, S.C. (2006): Omega-3 fatty acids, energy substrates, and brain function during aging. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids, 75(3): 213-220.
  • Goldhaber, S.B. (2003): Trace element risk assessment: essentiality vs. toxicity. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 38(2): 232-242.
  • Güner, A., Vural, M., Duman, H., Dönmez, A., Șağban, H. (1996): The Flora of the Köyceğiz-Dalyan specially protected area (MuğlaTurkey). Doğa Türk Biyoloji Dergisi, 20: 329-371.
  • Hambidge, K.M., Miller, L.V., Westcott, J.E., Krebs, N.F. (2008): Dietary Reference Intakes for Zinc May Require Adjustment for Phytate Intake Based upon Model Predictions. Journal of Nutrition, 138(12): 2363-2366.
  • Harris, W.S., Miller, M., Tighe, A.P., Davidson, M.H., Schaefer, E.J. (2008): Omega-3 fatty acids and coronary heart disease risk: clinical and mechanistic perspectives. Atherosclerosis, 197(1):12-24.
  • Hettiarachchy, N.S., Hareland, G.A., Ostenson, A., Baldner-Shank, G. (1990): Chemical composition of eleven flaxseed varieties grown in North Dakota. Proc of the Falx Institute of the United States, Flax Institute of the United States, 36-40.
  • Heywood, V.H. (1993): Flowering Plants of the World. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Hickey, M., King, C. (1988): 100 families of flowering plants. 2nd edition. University Press, Cambridge.
  • Hurteau, M.C. (2004): Unique new food products contain good omega fats. Journal of Food Science Education, 3(4): 52-53.
  • Khattab, R.Y., Zeitoun, M.A. (2013): Quality evaluation of flaxseed oil obtained by different extraction techniques. LWT-Food Science and Technology, 53(1): 338-345.
  • Kiralan, M., Gokpinar, F., Ipek, A., Bayrak, A., Arslan, N., Kok, M. S. (2010):Variability of fatty acid and mineral content in linseed (Linum usitatissimum) lines from a range of European sources. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 8(4): 1068-1073.
  • Kul’turnaja Flora SSSR, Prjadil’nye. [Flora of Cultivated Plants of the USSR, Fibre Plants]. Vol. 5, Part 1, pp. 109–207. Sel’chozgiz, Moskva, Leningrad.
  • Life Extension Foundation for Longer Life. (2013): Advanced health and life extension. Zinc in health and Nutrition. Available online at http://www.advance-health.com/zinc/html (verified on August 22, 2013).
  • Mekebo, D., Chandravanshi, B.S. (2014): Levels of Essential and Non-Essential Metals In Linseed (Linum Usitatissimum) Cultivated In Ethiopia. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia, 28(3): 349-362.
  • Moraghan, J.T. (1993): Accumulation Of Cadmium And Selected Elements In Flax Seed Grown On A Calcareous Soil. Plant and Soil, 150(1): 61-68.
  • Morris, D.H. 2003. Flax: A health and nutrition primer. 3rd ed, p.11 Winnipeg: Flax Council of Canada. Downloaded from http://www.jitinc.com/flax/brochure02.pdf (verified on 4/6/12)
  • Morrison, W.R., Smith, L.M. (1964): Preparation of fatty acid methyl esters and dimethyl acetals from lipids with boron trifluoride-methanol. Journal of Lipid Research, 5: 600-608.
  • Oksuz, A., Ozyilmaz, A. (2010): Changes in Fatty Acid Compositions of Black Sea Anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus L. 1758) During Catching Season. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 10(3): 381-385.
  • Oomah, B. D., Mazza, G., & Cui, W. (1994): OPTIMIZATION OF PROTEIN EXTRACTION FROM FLAXSEED MEAL. Food Research International, 27(4): 355-361. doi: 10.1016/0963-9969(94)90191-0
  • Oomah, B.D., Mazza, G., (1993): Flaxseed proteins - a review. Food Chemistry, 48: 109-114.
  • Pan, A., Sun, J., Chen, Y., Ye, X., Li, H., Yu, Z., Wang, Y., Gu, W., Zhang, X., Chen, X., Demark-Wahnefried, W., Liu, Y., Lin, X. (2007): Effects of a FlaxseedDerived Lignan Supplement in Type 2 Diabetic Patients: A Randomized, DoubleBlind, Cross-Over Trial. PLoS ONE, 2(11).
  • Parr, R.M. (1990): Recommended Dietary Intakes of Trace Elements: Some Observations on Their Definition and Interpretation in Comparison with Actual Levels of Dietary Intake. In: H. Tomita (Ed).Trace Elements in Clinical Medicine. Springer-Verlag Tokyo. pp 325-331.
  • Robertson, K.R. (1972): The genera of Geraniaceae in the southeastern United States. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum, 53: 182-201.
  • Simopoulos, A.P. (2002): The importance of the ratio of omega-6/omega-3 essential fatty acids. Biomed Pharmacother; 56(8):365-79.
  • TUNÇTÜRK, M. (2007): Van Kosullarında Bazı Keten (Linum usitatissimum L.) Çesitlerinin Verim ve Bazı Verim Ögelerinin Belirlenmesi. Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 2007, 13(4): 365-371.
  • TÜBİVES, Türkiye Bitkileri Veri Servisi. http://www.tubives.com/.
  • TÜİK(2015): Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu, http://www.tuik.gov.tr/Start.do. Reached in January, 2015.
  • Vromans, J. (2006): Molecular genetic studies in Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.). PhD. Thesis. Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands.
  • Wakjira, A., Labuschagne, M.T, Hugo, A. (2004): Variability in oil content and fatty acid composition of ethiopian and introduced cultivars of linseed. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 84: 601-607.
  • Yılmaz, Ö., Kaynak, G. (2006): Linum hirsutum subsp. platyphyllum stat. nova (Linaceae). Annales Botanici Fennici, 43(1): 62-63.
  • Yılmaz, Ö., Kaynak, G. (2008): A new species of Linum (Linaceae) from west Anatolia, Turkey. Botanical Journal of Linnean Society, 156: 459-462.
  • Yılmaz, Ö., Kaynak, G. (2010): A New Taxon of Linum (Linaceae) from Southwest Anatolia, Turkey. A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature, 20(4): 507-511.
  • Yılmaz, Ö., Kaynak, G., Vural, M. (2003): A new taxon of Linum (Linaceae) from NW Anatolia, Turkey. Annales Botanici Fennici 40(2): 147-150.
  • Zohary, D., Hopf, M., Weiss, E. (2012): Domestication of plants in the old
  • world, 4th edn. Oxford University Press, Oxford products as aflatoxin absorbents in diets for broiler chickens. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 132(1-2): 103-110.
  • SAS (1996): SAS User’ s Guide: Statistics, 1996 edit. SAS Institue, Inc., Carry, NC.
  • Şahin, A. (2009): Effects of dietary Tribulus terrestris L. Powder on growth performance, body components and digestive system of broiler chicks. Journal of Applied Animal Research, 35(2): 193-195.
  • Tipu, M.A., Akhtar, M.S., Anjum, M.I., Raja, M.L. (2006): New dimension of medicinal plants as animal feed. Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 26(3): 144-148.
  • Toker, E., Zincirlioğlu, M., Alarslan, Ö.F. (1998): Hayvan Yetiştirme (Yemler ve Hayvan Besleme). Baran Ofset, Ankara.

Ayrıntılar

Konular Fen
Bölüm Articles
Yazarlar

Abdullah ÖKSÜZ
0000-0001-8778-9320
Türkiye


Nadire Pelin BAHADIRLI
MUSTAFA KEMAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-8778-9320
Türkiye


Mehmet Uğur YILDIRIM
Orman ve Su İşleri Bakanlığı, Meteoroloji Genel Müdürlüğü, Hava Tahminleri Dairesi
0000-0001-8778-9320
Türkiye


Ercüment Osman SARIHAN
Uşak Üniverisitesi
0000-0001-8778-9320
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 14 Mayıs 2015
Başvuru Tarihi 10 Mart 2015
Kabul Tarihi 18 Nisan 2015
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2015, Cilt 1, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jfhs289572, journal = {Food and Health}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2834}, address = {Vidin Caddesi No:28 D:4 Kocamustafapaşa 34107 Fatih İstanbul}, publisher = {Özkan ÖZDEN}, year = {2015}, volume = {1}, pages = {124 - 134}, doi = {10.3153/JFHS15012}, title = {COMPARISON OF PROXIMATE, FATTY ACIDS AND ELEMENT COMPOSITION OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES (CULTIVARS) AND SPECIES OF FLAX SEEDS}, key = {cite}, author = {Öksüz, Abdullah and Bahadırlı, Nadire Pelin and Yıldırım, Mehmet Uğur and Sarıhan, Ercüment Osman} }
APA Öksüz, A. , Bahadırlı, N. P. , Yıldırım, M. U. & Sarıhan, E. O. (2015). COMPARISON OF PROXIMATE, FATTY ACIDS AND ELEMENT COMPOSITION OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES (CULTIVARS) AND SPECIES OF FLAX SEEDS . Food and Health , 1 (3) , 124-134 . DOI: 10.3153/JFHS15012
MLA Öksüz, A. , Bahadırlı, N. P. , Yıldırım, M. U. , Sarıhan, E. O. "COMPARISON OF PROXIMATE, FATTY ACIDS AND ELEMENT COMPOSITION OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES (CULTIVARS) AND SPECIES OF FLAX SEEDS" . Food and Health 1 (2015 ): 124-134 <http://jfhs.scientificwebjournals.com/tr/pub/issue/27528/289572>
Chicago Öksüz, A. , Bahadırlı, N. P. , Yıldırım, M. U. , Sarıhan, E. O. "COMPARISON OF PROXIMATE, FATTY ACIDS AND ELEMENT COMPOSITION OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES (CULTIVARS) AND SPECIES OF FLAX SEEDS". Food and Health 1 (2015 ): 124-134
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - COMPARISON OF PROXIMATE, FATTY ACIDS AND ELEMENT COMPOSITION OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES (CULTIVARS) AND SPECIES OF FLAX SEEDS AU - Abdullah Öksüz , Nadire Pelin Bahadırlı , Mehmet Uğur Yıldırım , Ercüment Osman Sarıhan Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.3153/JFHS15012 DO - 10.3153/JFHS15012 T2 - Food and Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 124 EP - 134 VL - 1 IS - 3 SN - -2602-2834 M3 - doi: 10.3153/JFHS15012 UR - https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS15012 Y2 - 2015 ER -
EndNote %0 Food and Health COMPARISON OF PROXIMATE, FATTY ACIDS AND ELEMENT COMPOSITION OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES (CULTIVARS) AND SPECIES OF FLAX SEEDS %A Abdullah Öksüz , Nadire Pelin Bahadırlı , Mehmet Uğur Yıldırım , Ercüment Osman Sarıhan %T COMPARISON OF PROXIMATE, FATTY ACIDS AND ELEMENT COMPOSITION OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES (CULTIVARS) AND SPECIES OF FLAX SEEDS %D 2015 %J Food and Health %P -2602-2834 %V 1 %N 3 %R doi: 10.3153/JFHS15012 %U 10.3153/JFHS15012
ISNAD Öksüz, Abdullah , Bahadırlı, Nadire Pelin , Yıldırım, Mehmet Uğur , Sarıhan, Ercüment Osman . "COMPARISON OF PROXIMATE, FATTY ACIDS AND ELEMENT COMPOSITION OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES (CULTIVARS) AND SPECIES OF FLAX SEEDS". Food and Health 1 / 3 (Mayıs 2015): 124-134 . https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS15012
AMA Öksüz A. , Bahadırlı N. P. , Yıldırım M. U. , Sarıhan E. O. COMPARISON OF PROXIMATE, FATTY ACIDS AND ELEMENT COMPOSITION OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES (CULTIVARS) AND SPECIES OF FLAX SEEDS. Food Health. 2015; 1(3): 124-134.
Vancouver Öksüz A. , Bahadırlı N. P. , Yıldırım M. U. , Sarıhan E. O. COMPARISON OF PROXIMATE, FATTY ACIDS AND ELEMENT COMPOSITION OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES (CULTIVARS) AND SPECIES OF FLAX SEEDS. Food and Health. 2015; 1(3): 124-134.
IEEE A. Öksüz , N. P. Bahadırlı , M. U. Yıldırım ve E. O. Sarıhan , "COMPARISON OF PROXIMATE, FATTY ACIDS AND ELEMENT COMPOSITION OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES (CULTIVARS) AND SPECIES OF FLAX SEEDS", Food and Health, c. 1, sayı. 3, ss. 124-134, May. 2015, doi:10.3153/JFHS15012

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