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HEAVY METALS IN EDIBLE TISSUES OF BENTHIC ORGANISMS FROM SAMSUN COASTS, SOUTH BLACK SEA, TURKEY AND THEIR POTENTIAL RISK TO HUMAN HEALTH

Year 2016, Volume 2, Issue 2, 57 - 66, 01.02.2016
https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS16006

Abstract

The present study was aim to determine the concentrations of copper, cobalt, lead, zinc, cadmium, manganese, nickel and iron in the edible tissues of Liocarcinus depurator (decapoda), Rapana venosa (gastropoda) and Mytilus galloprovincilais (mollusca) collected from Samsun coasts of the Black Sea, Turkey in 2010. These biomonitor species are major food sources of benthic ecosystem. Exposing to heavy metals at higher concentrations might be toxic to demersal fish species and also humans. The concentrations of the metals were carried out using Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (UNICAM 929). Metal concentrations in L. depurator, R. venosa and M. galloprovincilais decrease in the order: Fe > Zn > Mn > Cu > Ni > Pb > Co > Cd; Fe > Zn > Cu > Pb > Mn > Cd > Ni and Fe > Zn > Cu > Pb > Mn > Co > Ni > Cd, respectively. The results showed that the Fe and Zn concentrations were the highest in edible tissues of the three benthic organisms, respectively. Mn was higher in the edible tissues of L. depurator than those in other species, while R. venosa and M. galloprovincilais shows more of Cu and Pb levels. The estimates of EWI and EDI indicated no health risk as values are lower than the allowed tolerable levels cited by internationals committees. Based on the above results of this study, metal accumulation in the biomonitor demersal species study did not exceed the permissible limits set for heavy metals by FAO/WHO.

References

  • Altaş, L., & Büyükgüngör, H. (2007). Heavy metal pollution in the Black Sea shore and offshore of Turkey. Environmental Geology, 52, 469-476.
  • Anonymous, (1995). Official Gazette of Republic of Turkey. Acceptable levels for chemical and microbiological contaminants in fresh, chilled, frozen and processed fish. (Notification No: 95/6533, Issue: 22223) (in Turkish).
  • Aral, O. (1999). “Growth of the Mediterranean Mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis Lam. 1819) on Ropes in the Black Sea”. Turkey. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 23, 183-189.
  • Ateş, A.S., (1999). Liocarcinus depurator (Linnaeus, 1758) and Brachynotus sexdentatus (Risso, 1827) (Decapoda, Brachyura), Two New Records for the Turkish Black Sea Fauna. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 23, 115-118.
  • Ayas, D., (2013). Effects of Gender and Season on Potentially Toxic Metal Levels in Muscles of Adult Blue Swimmer Crabs (Portunus pelagicus) from the Northeastern Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Marine Biology & Oceanography, 2(2), 1-4.
  • Aydın, M., Karadurmuş, U., & Mutlu, C., (2013). Ordu İli Kıyılarında Bulunan Liocarcinus depurator (Linnaeus, 1758) (Brachyura: Portunidae) Yengeç Türünün Boy-Ağırlık İlişkisi ve Kondisyon Faktörü Üzerine Bir Çalışma. Karadeniz Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 3(8), 112-121.
  • Bakan, G., Özkoç, B. H., Tülek, S., & Cüce1, H. (2010) Integrated environmental quality assessment of the Kızılırmak River and its coastal environment. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 10, 453-462.
  • Bat, L., Gündoğdu, A., Öztürk, M., & Öztürk, M. (1999). Copper, zinc, lead and cadmium concentrations in the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck 1819 from Sinop coast of the Black Sea. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 23, 321-326.
  • Bat, L., Gönlügür, G., Andaç, M., Öztürk, M., & Öztürk, M. (2000). Heavy Metal concentrations in the Sea Snail Rapana venosa (Valenciennes, 1846) from Sinop Coasts of the Black Sea. Turkish Journal Marine Sciences, 6(3), 227-240.
  • Bat, L., Erdem, Y., Ustaoğlu, S., Yardım, Ö., & Satılmış, H.H. (2005). A Study on the Fishes of the Central Black Sea Coast of Turkey. Journal of Black Sea/ Mediterranean Environment, 11(3), 287-302.
  • Bat, L., Gökkurt, O., Sezgin, M., Üstün, F., & Sahin, F. (2009). Evaluation of the Black Sea land based sources of pollution the coastal region of Turkey. The Open Marine Biology Journal, 3, 112-124.
  • Bat, L., Üstün F., & Gökkurt-Baki, O. (2012). Trace Element Concentrations in the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819 Caught from Sinop Coast of the Black Sea, Turkey. The Open Marine Biology Journal, 6, 1-5.
  • Bernhard, M. (1976). Manual of Methods in the Aquatic Environment Research. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper FIRI/T no.158, Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome.
  • Codex Alimentarius Commission (1995). Doc. no. CX/FAC 96/17. Joint FAO/WHO food standards programme. Codex general standard for contaminants and toxins in foods.
  • Commission Regulation (EC) (2006). Official Journal of the European Union. Setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in food stuffs. Commission Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006: 364, 5-24.
  • Council of Europe (2001). The Guidelines on metals and alloys used as food contact materials are part of the Council of Europe’s policy statements concerning materials and articles intended to come into contact with foodstuffs.
  • Dural. M., Lugal Göksu, M.Z., Özak. A.A., & Derici. B. (2006). Bioaccumulation of some heavy metals in different tissues of Dicentrarchus labrax L. 1758. Sparus aurata L. 1758 and Mugil cephalus L. 1758 from the Çamlık lagoon of the eastern coast of Mediterranean (Turkey). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 118, 65-74.
  • FAO, (2010). Statistics Division Food Security Statistics, Food Consumption. [Cited 21 June 2010]. Available from: http://www.fao.org/fishery/statistics/global-consumption/en
  • WHO, (2011). Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants: seventy-third report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert. (WHO technical report series; no. 960). Meeting 73rd: 2010, Geneva, Switzerland, ISBN 978 92 4 120960 1. Available from: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/44515/1/WHO_TRS_960_eng.pdf
  • Förstner, U., & Wittmann, G.T.W. (1983). Metal pollution in the aquatic environment. Second Revised Edition. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 486 pp. ISBN-13: 978-3-540-12856-4
  • Freire, J. (1996). Feeding ecology of Liocarcinus depurator (Decapoda: Portunidae) in the Ria de Arousa (Galicia, north-west Spain): effects of habitat, season and life history. Marine Biology, 126(2), 297-311.
  • Kurt, P., & Özkoç Böke, H. (2004). A Survey To Determine Levels Of Chlorinated Pesticides And PCB’s In Mussels And Seawater From The Mid Black Sea Coast of Turkey, Marine Pollution Bulletin 48, 1076-1083.
  • Lok, A., Metin, G., Acarlı, S., & Goulletquer, P. (2010). Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) and Black Mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis (Linnaeus, 1758) Culture in Izmir Bay (Iskele-Urla)-Turkey: Preliminary Results on the Annual Feeding Cycle Using a Qualitative Approach. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 10, 527-536.
  • MAFF (1995) Monitoring and surveillance of non-radioactive contaminants in the aquatic environment and activities regulating the disposal of wastes at sea, 1993. Directorate of Fisheries research, Lowestoft, Aquatic Environment Monitoring Report, No.44.
  • Mol, S., & Üçok Alakavuk, D. (2011). Heavy Metals in Mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from Marmara Sea, Turkey. Biological Trace Element Research, 141, 184-191.
  • Mülayim, A., & Balkıs, H. (2015). Toxic metal (Pb, Cd, Cr, and Hg) levels in Rapana venosa (Valenciennes, 1846), Eriphia verrucosa (Forskal, 1775), and sediment samples from the Black Sea littoral (Thrace, Turkey). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 95, 215-222.
  • National Academy of Sciences, (1989) Recommended Dietary Allowances. 10th Edition, 298 p., National Academy Press Washington, D.C.
  • Özden, Ö., Erkan, N., & Ulusoy, Ş. (2010). Study on the Behavior of the Trace Metal and Macro Minerals in Mytilus galloprovincialis as a bioindicator species: the case of Marmara Sea, Turkey. Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit, 5(3-4), 407-412.
  • Pınarlı, V., Onar, A. N., Özkoç, H.B., & Büyükgüngör, H. (1991). Pollution in Samsun Coast of Black Sea. The Black Sea Symposium, Istanbul, 16-18 Sept. In: Proceedings of the Black Sea Symposium Ecological Problems and Economical Prospects, 127-136 pp.
  • Sunlu, U. (2006) Trace metal levels in mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis L. 1758) from Turkish Aegean Sea coast. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 114, 273-286.
  • TUIK, (2014). Turkish Fishery Statistics. http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/UstMenu.do?metod=temelist Accessed 9.12.2014.
  • Turkish Food Codex (TFC), (2008). Official Gazette of Republic of Turkey. Notifications about maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. Turkish Food Codex (Notification No: 2008 / 26, Issue: 26879) (in Turkish).
  • Underwood, E.J. (1977). Trace elements in human and animal nutrition. 4th edition, Academic Press, New York. 545 pp. ISBN: 978-0-12-709065-8
  • UNEP, (1984). Determination of Total Cd, Zn, Pb and Cu in Selected Marine Organisms by flameless AAS. Reference Methods for Marine Pollution Studies, 11 Rev 1.
  • UNEP, (1985). GESAMP: Cadmium, lead and tin the Marine Environment. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies, no 56, GESAMP Reports and Studies, no 22.
  • Zar, J.H. (1984). Biostatistical analysis. Second edition. Prentice Hall, Int., New Jersey. 718 pp. ISBN: 978-0-13-077925-0

Year 2016, Volume 2, Issue 2, 57 - 66, 01.02.2016
https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS16006

Abstract

References

  • Altaş, L., & Büyükgüngör, H. (2007). Heavy metal pollution in the Black Sea shore and offshore of Turkey. Environmental Geology, 52, 469-476.
  • Anonymous, (1995). Official Gazette of Republic of Turkey. Acceptable levels for chemical and microbiological contaminants in fresh, chilled, frozen and processed fish. (Notification No: 95/6533, Issue: 22223) (in Turkish).
  • Aral, O. (1999). “Growth of the Mediterranean Mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis Lam. 1819) on Ropes in the Black Sea”. Turkey. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 23, 183-189.
  • Ateş, A.S., (1999). Liocarcinus depurator (Linnaeus, 1758) and Brachynotus sexdentatus (Risso, 1827) (Decapoda, Brachyura), Two New Records for the Turkish Black Sea Fauna. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 23, 115-118.
  • Ayas, D., (2013). Effects of Gender and Season on Potentially Toxic Metal Levels in Muscles of Adult Blue Swimmer Crabs (Portunus pelagicus) from the Northeastern Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Marine Biology & Oceanography, 2(2), 1-4.
  • Aydın, M., Karadurmuş, U., & Mutlu, C., (2013). Ordu İli Kıyılarında Bulunan Liocarcinus depurator (Linnaeus, 1758) (Brachyura: Portunidae) Yengeç Türünün Boy-Ağırlık İlişkisi ve Kondisyon Faktörü Üzerine Bir Çalışma. Karadeniz Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 3(8), 112-121.
  • Bakan, G., Özkoç, B. H., Tülek, S., & Cüce1, H. (2010) Integrated environmental quality assessment of the Kızılırmak River and its coastal environment. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 10, 453-462.
  • Bat, L., Gündoğdu, A., Öztürk, M., & Öztürk, M. (1999). Copper, zinc, lead and cadmium concentrations in the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck 1819 from Sinop coast of the Black Sea. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 23, 321-326.
  • Bat, L., Gönlügür, G., Andaç, M., Öztürk, M., & Öztürk, M. (2000). Heavy Metal concentrations in the Sea Snail Rapana venosa (Valenciennes, 1846) from Sinop Coasts of the Black Sea. Turkish Journal Marine Sciences, 6(3), 227-240.
  • Bat, L., Erdem, Y., Ustaoğlu, S., Yardım, Ö., & Satılmış, H.H. (2005). A Study on the Fishes of the Central Black Sea Coast of Turkey. Journal of Black Sea/ Mediterranean Environment, 11(3), 287-302.
  • Bat, L., Gökkurt, O., Sezgin, M., Üstün, F., & Sahin, F. (2009). Evaluation of the Black Sea land based sources of pollution the coastal region of Turkey. The Open Marine Biology Journal, 3, 112-124.
  • Bat, L., Üstün F., & Gökkurt-Baki, O. (2012). Trace Element Concentrations in the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819 Caught from Sinop Coast of the Black Sea, Turkey. The Open Marine Biology Journal, 6, 1-5.
  • Bernhard, M. (1976). Manual of Methods in the Aquatic Environment Research. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper FIRI/T no.158, Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome.
  • Codex Alimentarius Commission (1995). Doc. no. CX/FAC 96/17. Joint FAO/WHO food standards programme. Codex general standard for contaminants and toxins in foods.
  • Commission Regulation (EC) (2006). Official Journal of the European Union. Setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in food stuffs. Commission Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006: 364, 5-24.
  • Council of Europe (2001). The Guidelines on metals and alloys used as food contact materials are part of the Council of Europe’s policy statements concerning materials and articles intended to come into contact with foodstuffs.
  • Dural. M., Lugal Göksu, M.Z., Özak. A.A., & Derici. B. (2006). Bioaccumulation of some heavy metals in different tissues of Dicentrarchus labrax L. 1758. Sparus aurata L. 1758 and Mugil cephalus L. 1758 from the Çamlık lagoon of the eastern coast of Mediterranean (Turkey). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 118, 65-74.
  • FAO, (2010). Statistics Division Food Security Statistics, Food Consumption. [Cited 21 June 2010]. Available from: http://www.fao.org/fishery/statistics/global-consumption/en
  • WHO, (2011). Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants: seventy-third report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert. (WHO technical report series; no. 960). Meeting 73rd: 2010, Geneva, Switzerland, ISBN 978 92 4 120960 1. Available from: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/44515/1/WHO_TRS_960_eng.pdf
  • Förstner, U., & Wittmann, G.T.W. (1983). Metal pollution in the aquatic environment. Second Revised Edition. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 486 pp. ISBN-13: 978-3-540-12856-4
  • Freire, J. (1996). Feeding ecology of Liocarcinus depurator (Decapoda: Portunidae) in the Ria de Arousa (Galicia, north-west Spain): effects of habitat, season and life history. Marine Biology, 126(2), 297-311.
  • Kurt, P., & Özkoç Böke, H. (2004). A Survey To Determine Levels Of Chlorinated Pesticides And PCB’s In Mussels And Seawater From The Mid Black Sea Coast of Turkey, Marine Pollution Bulletin 48, 1076-1083.
  • Lok, A., Metin, G., Acarlı, S., & Goulletquer, P. (2010). Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) and Black Mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis (Linnaeus, 1758) Culture in Izmir Bay (Iskele-Urla)-Turkey: Preliminary Results on the Annual Feeding Cycle Using a Qualitative Approach. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 10, 527-536.
  • MAFF (1995) Monitoring and surveillance of non-radioactive contaminants in the aquatic environment and activities regulating the disposal of wastes at sea, 1993. Directorate of Fisheries research, Lowestoft, Aquatic Environment Monitoring Report, No.44.
  • Mol, S., & Üçok Alakavuk, D. (2011). Heavy Metals in Mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from Marmara Sea, Turkey. Biological Trace Element Research, 141, 184-191.
  • Mülayim, A., & Balkıs, H. (2015). Toxic metal (Pb, Cd, Cr, and Hg) levels in Rapana venosa (Valenciennes, 1846), Eriphia verrucosa (Forskal, 1775), and sediment samples from the Black Sea littoral (Thrace, Turkey). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 95, 215-222.
  • National Academy of Sciences, (1989) Recommended Dietary Allowances. 10th Edition, 298 p., National Academy Press Washington, D.C.
  • Özden, Ö., Erkan, N., & Ulusoy, Ş. (2010). Study on the Behavior of the Trace Metal and Macro Minerals in Mytilus galloprovincialis as a bioindicator species: the case of Marmara Sea, Turkey. Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit, 5(3-4), 407-412.
  • Pınarlı, V., Onar, A. N., Özkoç, H.B., & Büyükgüngör, H. (1991). Pollution in Samsun Coast of Black Sea. The Black Sea Symposium, Istanbul, 16-18 Sept. In: Proceedings of the Black Sea Symposium Ecological Problems and Economical Prospects, 127-136 pp.
  • Sunlu, U. (2006) Trace metal levels in mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis L. 1758) from Turkish Aegean Sea coast. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 114, 273-286.
  • TUIK, (2014). Turkish Fishery Statistics. http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/UstMenu.do?metod=temelist Accessed 9.12.2014.
  • Turkish Food Codex (TFC), (2008). Official Gazette of Republic of Turkey. Notifications about maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. Turkish Food Codex (Notification No: 2008 / 26, Issue: 26879) (in Turkish).
  • Underwood, E.J. (1977). Trace elements in human and animal nutrition. 4th edition, Academic Press, New York. 545 pp. ISBN: 978-0-12-709065-8
  • UNEP, (1984). Determination of Total Cd, Zn, Pb and Cu in Selected Marine Organisms by flameless AAS. Reference Methods for Marine Pollution Studies, 11 Rev 1.
  • UNEP, (1985). GESAMP: Cadmium, lead and tin the Marine Environment. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies, no 56, GESAMP Reports and Studies, no 22.
  • Zar, J.H. (1984). Biostatistical analysis. Second edition. Prentice Hall, Int., New Jersey. 718 pp. ISBN: 978-0-13-077925-0

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Levent BAT
SİNOP ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-2289-6691
Türkiye


Elif ARICI
SİNOP ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-2289-6691
Türkiye


Murat SEZGİN
SİNOP ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-2289-6691
Türkiye


Fatih ŞAHİN
SİNOP ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-2289-6691
Türkiye

Publication Date February 1, 2016
Application Date December 10, 2015
Acceptance Date January 22, 2016
Published in Issue Year 2016, Volume 2, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jfhs289820, journal = {Food and Health}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2834}, address = {Vidin Caddesi No:28 D:4 Kocamustafapaşa 34107 Fatih İstanbul}, publisher = {Özkan ÖZDEN}, year = {2016}, pages = {57 - 66}, doi = {10.3153/JFHS16006}, title = {HEAVY METALS IN EDIBLE TISSUES OF BENTHIC ORGANISMS FROM SAMSUN COASTS, SOUTH BLACK SEA, TURKEY AND THEIR POTENTIAL RISK TO HUMAN HEALTH}, key = {cite}, author = {Bat, Levent and Arıcı, Elif and Sezgin, Murat and Şahin, Fatih} }
APA Bat, L. , Arıcı, E. , Sezgin, M. & Şahin, F. (2016). HEAVY METALS IN EDIBLE TISSUES OF BENTHIC ORGANISMS FROM SAMSUN COASTS, SOUTH BLACK SEA, TURKEY AND THEIR POTENTIAL RISK TO HUMAN HEALTH . Food and Health , 2 (2) , 57-66 . DOI: 10.3153/JFHS16006
MLA Bat, L. , Arıcı, E. , Sezgin, M. , Şahin, F. "HEAVY METALS IN EDIBLE TISSUES OF BENTHIC ORGANISMS FROM SAMSUN COASTS, SOUTH BLACK SEA, TURKEY AND THEIR POTENTIAL RISK TO HUMAN HEALTH" . Food and Health 2 (2016 ): 57-66 <http://jfhs.scientificwebjournals.com/en/pub/jfhs/article/289820>
Chicago Bat, L. , Arıcı, E. , Sezgin, M. , Şahin, F. "HEAVY METALS IN EDIBLE TISSUES OF BENTHIC ORGANISMS FROM SAMSUN COASTS, SOUTH BLACK SEA, TURKEY AND THEIR POTENTIAL RISK TO HUMAN HEALTH". Food and Health 2 (2016 ): 57-66
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - HEAVY METALS IN EDIBLE TISSUES OF BENTHIC ORGANISMS FROM SAMSUN COASTS, SOUTH BLACK SEA, TURKEY AND THEIR POTENTIAL RISK TO HUMAN HEALTH AU - Levent Bat , Elif Arıcı , Murat Sezgin , Fatih Şahin Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - doi: 10.3153/JFHS16006 DO - 10.3153/JFHS16006 T2 - Food and Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 57 EP - 66 VL - 2 IS - 2 SN - -2602-2834 M3 - doi: 10.3153/JFHS16006 UR - https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS16006 Y2 - 2016 ER -
EndNote %0 Food and Health HEAVY METALS IN EDIBLE TISSUES OF BENTHIC ORGANISMS FROM SAMSUN COASTS, SOUTH BLACK SEA, TURKEY AND THEIR POTENTIAL RISK TO HUMAN HEALTH %A Levent Bat , Elif Arıcı , Murat Sezgin , Fatih Şahin %T HEAVY METALS IN EDIBLE TISSUES OF BENTHIC ORGANISMS FROM SAMSUN COASTS, SOUTH BLACK SEA, TURKEY AND THEIR POTENTIAL RISK TO HUMAN HEALTH %D 2016 %J Food and Health %P -2602-2834 %V 2 %N 2 %R doi: 10.3153/JFHS16006 %U 10.3153/JFHS16006
ISNAD Bat, Levent , Arıcı, Elif , Sezgin, Murat , Şahin, Fatih . "HEAVY METALS IN EDIBLE TISSUES OF BENTHIC ORGANISMS FROM SAMSUN COASTS, SOUTH BLACK SEA, TURKEY AND THEIR POTENTIAL RISK TO HUMAN HEALTH". Food and Health 2 / 2 (February 2016): 57-66 . https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS16006
AMA Bat L. , Arıcı E. , Sezgin M. , Şahin F. HEAVY METALS IN EDIBLE TISSUES OF BENTHIC ORGANISMS FROM SAMSUN COASTS, SOUTH BLACK SEA, TURKEY AND THEIR POTENTIAL RISK TO HUMAN HEALTH. Food Health. 2016; 2(2): 57-66.
Vancouver Bat L. , Arıcı E. , Sezgin M. , Şahin F. HEAVY METALS IN EDIBLE TISSUES OF BENTHIC ORGANISMS FROM SAMSUN COASTS, SOUTH BLACK SEA, TURKEY AND THEIR POTENTIAL RISK TO HUMAN HEALTH. Food and Health. 2016; 2(2): 57-66.
IEEE L. Bat , E. Arıcı , M. Sezgin and F. Şahin , "HEAVY METALS IN EDIBLE TISSUES OF BENTHIC ORGANISMS FROM SAMSUN COASTS, SOUTH BLACK SEA, TURKEY AND THEIR POTENTIAL RISK TO HUMAN HEALTH", Food and Health, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 57-66, Feb. 2016, doi:10.3153/JFHS16006

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