Year 2017, Volume 3 , Issue 2, Pages 49 - 58 2017-01-18

FONKSİYONEL BİR BESİN OLARAK TURUNÇGİLLER VE METABOLİK SENDROM İLİŞKİSİ
CITRUS FRUITS AS A FUNCTIONAL FOOD AND THE RELATION WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME

Pelin Cin [1] , Ceren Gezer [2]


Temel besleyici özelliklerinin yanında vücutta gösterdiği bir veya birden fazla yararlı hedef fonksiyon ile hastalık riskini azaltıp iyi hal ve sağlığı geliştirici etki gösterebilen, günlük beslenme planı içerisinde yer alıp tüketilebilen; hap, kapsül veya farklı şekillerde bir besin desteği olmayan besinlere fonksiyonel besinler adı verilmektedir. Fonksiyonel bir besin olarak turunçgiller, bileşiminde bulunan askorbik asit, folik asit, lif, pektin, potasyum, magnezyum, karotenoidler ve flavonoidler ile olumlu sağlık etkileri gösterebilmektedir. Bu bileşenlerin miktarları turunçgil çeşidine, olgunluğuna, saklama koşullarına ve işleme yöntemlerine göre değişkenlik gösterebilmektedir. Turunçgillerin sağlık üzerine olumlu etkileriyle öne çıkan bileşenleri naringin ve hesperidin flavonoidleridir. Hipertansiyon, hiperglisemi, dislipidemi, protrombotik ve proinflamatuvar faktörler, metabolik sendrom risk faktörleri arasındadır. Turunçgil flavanoidleri hiperglisemi, hiperlipidemi, hipertansiyon, inflamasyon ve vücut ağırlığı denetimi üzerine olumlu etkiler gösterebilmektedirler. Literatürde, turunçgil flavonoid ekstraktlarının kullanıldığı hayvan araştırmaları ve turunçgil tüketiminin dislipidemik etkileriyle ilgili insan araştırmaları öne çıkmaktadır. Bu nedenle günlük beslenme planında turunçgil tüketimi ve metabolik sendromla ilgili önerilerin geliştirilebilmesi için bu konuda daha fazla epidemiyolojik ve deneysel araştırmalar gereklidir.

Functional food is a food of daily diet which have at least one target function in the body besides its’ nutritional properties and can decrease disease risk and improve health and wellness. Functional food is not a pill, capsule or any type of nutritional support. Citrus fruits as a functional food have beneficial health effects related with their conponents such as ascorbic acid, folic acid, dietary fiber, pectin, potassium, magnesium, carotenoids and flavonoids. The amount of these components depends on type of citrus fruit, ripeness, storage conditions and process methods. The prominent components of citrus fruits are known as naringin and hesperidin flavonoids. Hypertension, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, protrombotic and proinflammatuary factors are the important risk factors of metabolic syndrome. Citrus flavonoids have beneficial effects on hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, inflammation and body weight management. In the literatur, the studies mostly featured on the animal studies related with citrus flavonoid extracts and human studies on beneficial effects of citrus fruits consumption on dyslipidemia. Therefore, there is a need to more epidemiological and experimental studies on citrus fruits consumption recommendations in relation with metabolic syndrome.

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Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Pelin Cin
Institution: Serbest, Diyetisyen
Country: Turkey


Author: Ceren Gezer
Institution: DOĞU AKDENİZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ, BESLENME VE DİYETETİK BÖLÜMÜ

Dates

Application Date : November 22, 2016
Acceptance Date : January 5, 207
Publication Date : January 18, 2017

Bibtex @review { jfhs289876, journal = {Food and Health}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2834}, address = {Vidin Caddesi No:28 D:4 Kocamustafapaşa 34107 Fatih İstanbul}, publisher = {Özkan ÖZDEN}, year = {2017}, volume = {3}, pages = {49 - 58}, doi = {10.3153/JFHS17007}, title = {CITRUS FRUITS AS A FUNCTIONAL FOOD AND THE RELATION WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME}, key = {cite}, author = {Cin, Pelin and Gezer, Ceren} }
APA Cin, P , Gezer, C . (2017). CITRUS FRUITS AS A FUNCTIONAL FOOD AND THE RELATION WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME . Food and Health , 3 (2) , 49-58 . DOI: 10.3153/JFHS17007
MLA Cin, P , Gezer, C . "CITRUS FRUITS AS A FUNCTIONAL FOOD AND THE RELATION WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME" . Food and Health 3 (2017 ): 49-58 <https://jfhs.scientificwebjournals.com/en/pub/issue/27555/289876>
Chicago Cin, P , Gezer, C . "CITRUS FRUITS AS A FUNCTIONAL FOOD AND THE RELATION WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME". Food and Health 3 (2017 ): 49-58
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - CITRUS FRUITS AS A FUNCTIONAL FOOD AND THE RELATION WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME AU - Pelin Cin , Ceren Gezer Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.3153/JFHS17007 DO - 10.3153/JFHS17007 T2 - Food and Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 49 EP - 58 VL - 3 IS - 2 SN - -2602-2834 M3 - doi: 10.3153/JFHS17007 UR - https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS17007 Y2 - 0207 ER -
EndNote %0 Food and Health CITRUS FRUITS AS A FUNCTIONAL FOOD AND THE RELATION WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME %A Pelin Cin , Ceren Gezer %T CITRUS FRUITS AS A FUNCTIONAL FOOD AND THE RELATION WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME %D 2017 %J Food and Health %P -2602-2834 %V 3 %N 2 %R doi: 10.3153/JFHS17007 %U 10.3153/JFHS17007
ISNAD Cin, Pelin , Gezer, Ceren . "CITRUS FRUITS AS A FUNCTIONAL FOOD AND THE RELATION WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME". Food and Health 3 / 2 (January 2017): 49-58 . https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS17007
AMA Cin P , Gezer C . CITRUS FRUITS AS A FUNCTIONAL FOOD AND THE RELATION WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME. Food Health. 2017; 3(2): 49-58.
Vancouver Cin P , Gezer C . CITRUS FRUITS AS A FUNCTIONAL FOOD AND THE RELATION WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME. Food and Health. 2017; 3(2): 49-58.
IEEE P. Cin and C. Gezer , "CITRUS FRUITS AS A FUNCTIONAL FOOD AND THE RELATION WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME", Food and Health, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 49-58, Jan. 2017, doi:10.3153/JFHS17007