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ET KURUTMA TEKNOLOJİSİ VE DÜNYADA TÜKETİLEN BAZI KURUTULMUŞ ET ÜRÜNLERİ

Year 2015, Volume 1, Issue 3, 109 - 123, 02.04.2015
https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS15011

Abstract

Kurutma, gıdaları muhafaza etmek için kullanılan en eski me­totlardan birisidir. Çiğ etin raf ömrünün kısa olması ve soğuk zincirde depolanması zorunluluğu, etin kurutulmasına yönel­menin temel sebebini oluşturmaktadır. Ayrıca tüketiciler, lez­zetli, aroması gelişmiş ve uzun ömürlü et ürünlerini üretici­lerden talep etmektedir. Bu faktörler ile kurutma sürecinin ekonomik avantajları bir arada değerlendirildiğinde, kurutul­muş et ürünleri hem üretici hem de tüketici için iyi bir seçenek olabilmektedir. Kurutulmuş et ürünleri, farklı bölgelerde çok farklı şekillerde üretilmektedir. Etin elde edildiği hayvan, etin kesim metodu, ete uygulanan ön işlemler (kürleme, tütsüleme vb), kurutma metodu ve ete eklenen ingrediyenler, kurutul­muş et ürünlerinin farklılığına sebep olmaktadır. Bu bağ­lamda dünyanın birçok bölgesinde geniş bir ölçekte yer alan pek çok farklı geleneksel kurutulmuş et ürünü bulunmaktadır. Bu ürünlerin bazıları tüketime hazır olarak tüketi­lirken, bazı­ları ise çeşitli ön işlemlere (kızartma, rehidrate etme vb.) tabi tutularak tüketilebilmektedir. Ayrıca bölgeye has baharatlar kullanılması da farklı ürünlerin elde edilme­sinde önemli bir anahtar olmaktadır. Bu tip ürünler, yerel halk tarafından doğal yollarla (güneşte) küçük ölçekli, ev tipi ola­rak veya endüstri­yel tipte (fırınlar veya kurutma odaları) bü­yük miktarlarda üretilmekte ve bazıları uluslararası gıda pa­zarında satışa su­nulmaktadır.

References

  • Ajiboye, E.A., Alhassan, S., Adedayo, R.M., Kolawole, M.O., Oladosu, O.T. (2011): Physicochemical properties and microorganisms isolated from dried meat obtained in Oja- Oba market in Ilorin, Nigeria. Pelagia Research Library, 2(4): 391-400.
  • Akköse, A., & Aktaş, N. (2014): Curing and diffusion coefficient study in pastırma, a Turkish traditional meat product. Meat Science, 96: 311–314.
  • Aksu, M., & Kaya, M. (2002): Effect of Commercial Starter Cultures on the Fatty Acid Composition of Pastirma (Turkish Dry Meat Product). Journal of Food Science, 67(6): 2342-2345.
  • Aktaş, N., & Gürses, A. (2005): Moisture adsorption properties and adsorption isosteric heat of dehydrated slices of Pastirma (Turkish dry meat product). Meat science, 71(3), 571-576.
  • Anonim. (2012): Türk Gıda Kodeksi Et ve Et Ürünleri Tebliği Tebliğ No: 2012/74 Sayı: 28488. Gıda, Tarım ve Hayvancılık Bakanlığı .
  • Anonymous. (1990): Manual on simple methods of meat preservation. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper 79. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations.
  • Anonymous. (2013, Kasım 10): Carne-de-sol. Mart 2, 2015 tarihinde Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carne-de-sol adresinden alındı.
  • Bender, A., (1992): Meat and meat products in human nutrition in developing countries. FAO Food Nutr. Pap., 53, Rome. In Temelli, S. (2011): Geleneksel Yöntemlerle Üretilen Kurutulmuş Et Ürünleri. Uludag Univ. J. Fac. Vet. Med, 30(2): 61-66.
  • Bennani, L., Faid, M., & Bouseta, A. (2000): Experimental manufacturing of kaddid, a salted dried meat product: control of the microorganisms. Eur Food Res Technol, 211:153–157.
  • Bennani, L., Zenati, Y., Faid, M., & Ettayebi, M. (1995): Physico-ehemieal and microbiological characteristics of a dried salted meat product (Kaddid) in Morocco. Z Lebensm Unters Forsch, 201: 528-532.
  • Burfoot, D., Everis, L., Mulvey, L., Wood, A., & Betts, R. (2010): Literature Review on Microbiological Hazards Associated With Biltong and Similar Dried Meat Products . London: Food Standards Agency (Project Officer: Nicholas Laverty).
  • Chabbouh, M., Ahmed, S. B., Farhat, A., Sahli, A., & Bellagha, S. (2012): Studies on the Salting Step of Tunisian Kaddid Meat: Experimental Kinetics, Modeling and Quality. Food Bioprocess Technol, 5:1882–1895.
  • Chabbouh, M., Hajji, W., Ahmed, S. B., Farhat, A., Bellagha, S., & Sahli, A. (2011): Combined Effects of Osmotic Dehydration and Convective Air Drying on Kaddid Meats: Kinetics and Quality. Drying Technology, 29: 1571–1579.
  • Chabbouh, M., Sahlia, A., & Bellagha, S. (2013): Does the spicing step affect the quality and drying behaviour of traditional kaddid, a Tunisian cured meat? J Sci Food Agric, 93: 3634–3641.
  • Chenoll, C., Heredia, A., Segui, L., & Fito, P. (2007): Application of the systematic approach to food engineering systems (SAFES) methodology to the salting and drying of a meat product: Tasajo. Journal of Food Engineering, 83: 258–266.
  • Egbunike, G., & Okubanjo, A. (1999): Effects of processing upon the quality of Nigerian meat products. Livestock Production Science, 59: 155–163.
  • Engez, S. T., & Ergönül, B. (2009): Kurutulmuş Et Üretiminde HACCP Sisteminin Uygulanması. Gıda Teknolojileri Elektronik Dergisi, 4(3): 12-19.
  • Fakolade, P. O. (2012): Proximate composition of ‘Kundi’, a nigeria meat product from camel meat compared with ‘Kundi’, made from 3 breeds of cattle. International Journal of AgriScience, 2(10): 923-927.
  • Feiner, G. (2006): Meat Products Handbook Practical Science and Technology. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Limited.
  • Gök, V., Obuz, E., & Akkaya, L. (2008): Effects of packaging method and storage time on the chemical, microbiological, and sensory properties of Turkish pastirma – A dry cured beef product. Meat Science, 80: 335–344.
  • Greensmith, M. (1998): Practical Dehydration. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Limited.
  • Heinz, G., & Hautzinger, P. (2007): Meat Processing Technology for Small-To Medium-Scale Producers. Bangkok: Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations.
  • Jega, I. S., Magawata, I., Ipinjolu, J. K., & Jibir, M. (2013): Evaluation of Slurry Formulations for Kilishi Processing of African Lungfish (Protopterus Annectens, Owen). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 12(7): 673-677.
  • Jones, M. J., Tanya, V. N., Mbofung, C. M., Fonkem, D. N., & Silverside, D. E. (2001): A Microbiological and Nutritional Evaluation of the West African Dried Meat Product, Kilishi. The Journal of Food Technology in Africa, 6(4): 126-129.
  • Karabacak, M. S., Esin, A., & Cekmecelioglu, D. (2014): Drying Behavior of Meat Samples at Various Fiber Directions and Air Conditions. Drying Technology, 32: 695–707.
  • Kilic, B. (2009): Current trends in traditional Turkish meat products and cuisine. LWT - Food Science and Technology, 42: 1581–1589.
  • Konieczny, P., Stangierski, J., & Kijowski, J. (2007): Physical and chemical characteristics and acceptability of home style beef jerky. Meat science, 76(2), 253-257.
  • Lewicki, P., Arboix, J. A., Botó, P. G., Beringues, J. C., & Moreno, I. M. (2014): Drying. M. Dikeman, & C. Devine içinde, Encyclopedia of Meat Science (Second Edition) (s. 471-479). London: Elsevier Ltd.
  • Lewis, H. E., Masterton, J. P., & Ward, P. G. (1957): The food value of biltong (South African dried meat) and its use on expeditions. British Journal of Nutrition, 11(01): 5-12.
  • Little, C., H.A. Monsey, G. N., & Louvois, J. D. (1998): The microbiological quality of ready-to-eat dried and fermented meat and meat products. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 8: 277-284.
  • Lorenzo, J. M. (2014): Changes on physico-chemical, textural, lipolysis and volatile compounds during the manufacture of dry-cured foal “cecina”. Meat Science, 96: 256–263.
  • Lorenzo, J. M., Fonseca, S., Gomez, M., & Domínguez, R. (2015): Influence of the salting time on physico-chemical parameters, lipolysis and proteolysis of dry-cured foal “cecina”. LWT - Food Science and Technology , 60: 332-338.
  • Ludemann, V., Pose, G., Pollio, M. L., & Segura, J. (2004): Determination of growth characteristics and lipolytic and proteolytic activities of Penicillium strains isolated from Argentinean salami. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 96: 13– 18.
  • Mhlambi, S., Naidoo, K., & Lindsay, D. (2010): Enterotoxin-Producing Staphylococcus Strains Associated With South African Biltong at Point of Sale. Journal of Food Safety, 30: 307–317.
  • Nizamlıoğlu, M., Doğruer, Y., Gürbüz, Ü., & Kayaardı, S. (1998): Çeşitli Çemen Karışımlarının Pastırma Kalitesine Etkisi I: Kimyasal Ve Duyusal Nitelikler. Tr. J. of Veterinary and Animal Sicences, 22: 299–308.
  • Ogunsola, O. O., & Omojola, A. B. (2008): Qualitative evaluation of Kilishi prepared from beef and pork. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7 (11): 1753-1758.
  • Olusola, O. O., Okubanjo, A. O., & Omojola, A. B. (2012): Nutritive and Organoleptic Characteristics of Kilishi as Affected by Meat Type and Ingredient Formulation. Journal of Animal Production Advances, 2(5), 221-232.
  • Öztan, A. (1999): Et Bilimi ve Teknolojisi. Ankara: Hacettepe Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Yayınları, 19.
  • Petit, T., Caro, Y., Petit, A.-S., Santchurn, S. J., & Collignan, A. (2014): Physicochemical and microbiological characteristics of biltong, a traditional salted dried meat of South Africa. Meat Science, 96: 1313–1317.
  • Pinto, M., Ponsano, E., Franco, B., & Shimokomaki, M. (2002): Charqui meats as fermented meat products: role of bacteria for some sensorial properties development. Meat Science, 61: 187–191.
  • Prabhakaran, P. P., & Mendiratta, S. K. (2013): Development and Quality Evaluation of a Ready to Eat Meat Snack-Chevon Kilishi. Progressive Research, 8(2): 305-308.
  • Saldamlı, İ., & Saldamlı, E. (2000): Gıda Endsütrisi Makinaları. Ankara: Savaş Yayınevi.
  • Salvá, B. K., Fernández-Diez, A., Ramos, D. D., Caro, I., & Mateo, J. (2012): Chemical composition of alpaca (Vicugna pacos) charqui. Food Chemistry, 130: 329–334.
  • Sarıçoban, C., & Aybek, T. (2009): Geleneksel Orta Rutubetli Et Ürünlerinden Endonezya Dendeng. II. Geleneksel Gıdalar Sempoz¬yumu, (s. 754-757). Van.
  • Toldra, F. (1998): Proteolysis and Lipolysis in Flavour Development of Dry-cured Meat Products. Meat Science, 49(1): 101-110.
  • Toldra, F., & Hui, Y. (2015): Dry-Fermented Sausages and Ripened Meats: An Overview. F. Toldrá, Y. H. Hui, I. Astiasarán, J. G. Sebranek, & R. Talon içinde, Handbook of Fermented Meat and Poultry (s. 3-6). Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • Yang, H. S., Hwang, Y. H., Joo, S. T., & Park, G. B. (2009): The physicochemical and microbiological characteristics of pork jerky in comparison to beef jerky. Meat science, 82(3), 289-294.
  • Youssef, E. Y., Garcia, C. E. R., & Shimokomaki, M. (2003): Effect of salt on color and warmed over flavor in charqui meat processing. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 46(4), 595-600.
  • Youssef, E. Y., Garcia, C. E., Yamashita, F., & Shimokomaki, M. (2007): Chemical Basis for Beef Charqui Meat Texture. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology An International Journal, 50(4): 719-724.
  • Zaier, A., Essid, I., Chabbouh, M., Bellagha, S., & Sahli, A. (2011): Physico-Chemical and Microbial Caracteristics of Traditional and Industrial Kaddid. European Drying Conference. Palma. Balearic Island, Spain.

MEAT DRYING TECHNOLOGY AND SOME DRIED MEAT PRODUCTS CONSUMED IN THE WORLD

Year 2015, Volume 1, Issue 3, 109 - 123, 02.04.2015
https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS15011

Abstract

Drying is one of the oldest methods used to preserve food. The main reasons of dried meat trends are short shelf life of raw meat and its storage requirements in the cold chain. In addition, consumers demand meat products that delicious, ar­omatic and shelf stable from the manufacturer. When these factors and economic advantages of drying process are con­sidered together, dried meat products can be a good option for parties (producers and consumers). Dried meat products are produced in many different ways in different regions. Diver­sity of dried meat products is affected by several factors such as animal, meat cutting method, pre-treatments applied to meat (curing, smoking, etc.), drying method and ingredients added to meat. In this context, there are many different tradi­tional dried meat products located on a large scale in many parts of the World. Some of these products are beaten directly because of they are ready for consumption, while others can be consumed with various pre-treatment (roast or to rehydrate etc.). Furthermore, the use of unique spices is an important key to obtain different products. These products are produced by the local people in small-scale (as household) and with a natural way (in the sun) or they are produced with industrial type (ovens or drying chambers) in large quantities. And some of them are offered for sale in the global world food market.  

References

  • Ajiboye, E.A., Alhassan, S., Adedayo, R.M., Kolawole, M.O., Oladosu, O.T. (2011): Physicochemical properties and microorganisms isolated from dried meat obtained in Oja- Oba market in Ilorin, Nigeria. Pelagia Research Library, 2(4): 391-400.
  • Akköse, A., & Aktaş, N. (2014): Curing and diffusion coefficient study in pastırma, a Turkish traditional meat product. Meat Science, 96: 311–314.
  • Aksu, M., & Kaya, M. (2002): Effect of Commercial Starter Cultures on the Fatty Acid Composition of Pastirma (Turkish Dry Meat Product). Journal of Food Science, 67(6): 2342-2345.
  • Aktaş, N., & Gürses, A. (2005): Moisture adsorption properties and adsorption isosteric heat of dehydrated slices of Pastirma (Turkish dry meat product). Meat science, 71(3), 571-576.
  • Anonim. (2012): Türk Gıda Kodeksi Et ve Et Ürünleri Tebliği Tebliğ No: 2012/74 Sayı: 28488. Gıda, Tarım ve Hayvancılık Bakanlığı .
  • Anonymous. (1990): Manual on simple methods of meat preservation. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper 79. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations.
  • Anonymous. (2013, Kasım 10): Carne-de-sol. Mart 2, 2015 tarihinde Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carne-de-sol adresinden alındı.
  • Bender, A., (1992): Meat and meat products in human nutrition in developing countries. FAO Food Nutr. Pap., 53, Rome. In Temelli, S. (2011): Geleneksel Yöntemlerle Üretilen Kurutulmuş Et Ürünleri. Uludag Univ. J. Fac. Vet. Med, 30(2): 61-66.
  • Bennani, L., Faid, M., & Bouseta, A. (2000): Experimental manufacturing of kaddid, a salted dried meat product: control of the microorganisms. Eur Food Res Technol, 211:153–157.
  • Bennani, L., Zenati, Y., Faid, M., & Ettayebi, M. (1995): Physico-ehemieal and microbiological characteristics of a dried salted meat product (Kaddid) in Morocco. Z Lebensm Unters Forsch, 201: 528-532.
  • Burfoot, D., Everis, L., Mulvey, L., Wood, A., & Betts, R. (2010): Literature Review on Microbiological Hazards Associated With Biltong and Similar Dried Meat Products . London: Food Standards Agency (Project Officer: Nicholas Laverty).
  • Chabbouh, M., Ahmed, S. B., Farhat, A., Sahli, A., & Bellagha, S. (2012): Studies on the Salting Step of Tunisian Kaddid Meat: Experimental Kinetics, Modeling and Quality. Food Bioprocess Technol, 5:1882–1895.
  • Chabbouh, M., Hajji, W., Ahmed, S. B., Farhat, A., Bellagha, S., & Sahli, A. (2011): Combined Effects of Osmotic Dehydration and Convective Air Drying on Kaddid Meats: Kinetics and Quality. Drying Technology, 29: 1571–1579.
  • Chabbouh, M., Sahlia, A., & Bellagha, S. (2013): Does the spicing step affect the quality and drying behaviour of traditional kaddid, a Tunisian cured meat? J Sci Food Agric, 93: 3634–3641.
  • Chenoll, C., Heredia, A., Segui, L., & Fito, P. (2007): Application of the systematic approach to food engineering systems (SAFES) methodology to the salting and drying of a meat product: Tasajo. Journal of Food Engineering, 83: 258–266.
  • Egbunike, G., & Okubanjo, A. (1999): Effects of processing upon the quality of Nigerian meat products. Livestock Production Science, 59: 155–163.
  • Engez, S. T., & Ergönül, B. (2009): Kurutulmuş Et Üretiminde HACCP Sisteminin Uygulanması. Gıda Teknolojileri Elektronik Dergisi, 4(3): 12-19.
  • Fakolade, P. O. (2012): Proximate composition of ‘Kundi’, a nigeria meat product from camel meat compared with ‘Kundi’, made from 3 breeds of cattle. International Journal of AgriScience, 2(10): 923-927.
  • Feiner, G. (2006): Meat Products Handbook Practical Science and Technology. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Limited.
  • Gök, V., Obuz, E., & Akkaya, L. (2008): Effects of packaging method and storage time on the chemical, microbiological, and sensory properties of Turkish pastirma – A dry cured beef product. Meat Science, 80: 335–344.
  • Greensmith, M. (1998): Practical Dehydration. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Limited.
  • Heinz, G., & Hautzinger, P. (2007): Meat Processing Technology for Small-To Medium-Scale Producers. Bangkok: Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations.
  • Jega, I. S., Magawata, I., Ipinjolu, J. K., & Jibir, M. (2013): Evaluation of Slurry Formulations for Kilishi Processing of African Lungfish (Protopterus Annectens, Owen). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 12(7): 673-677.
  • Jones, M. J., Tanya, V. N., Mbofung, C. M., Fonkem, D. N., & Silverside, D. E. (2001): A Microbiological and Nutritional Evaluation of the West African Dried Meat Product, Kilishi. The Journal of Food Technology in Africa, 6(4): 126-129.
  • Karabacak, M. S., Esin, A., & Cekmecelioglu, D. (2014): Drying Behavior of Meat Samples at Various Fiber Directions and Air Conditions. Drying Technology, 32: 695–707.
  • Kilic, B. (2009): Current trends in traditional Turkish meat products and cuisine. LWT - Food Science and Technology, 42: 1581–1589.
  • Konieczny, P., Stangierski, J., & Kijowski, J. (2007): Physical and chemical characteristics and acceptability of home style beef jerky. Meat science, 76(2), 253-257.
  • Lewicki, P., Arboix, J. A., Botó, P. G., Beringues, J. C., & Moreno, I. M. (2014): Drying. M. Dikeman, & C. Devine içinde, Encyclopedia of Meat Science (Second Edition) (s. 471-479). London: Elsevier Ltd.
  • Lewis, H. E., Masterton, J. P., & Ward, P. G. (1957): The food value of biltong (South African dried meat) and its use on expeditions. British Journal of Nutrition, 11(01): 5-12.
  • Little, C., H.A. Monsey, G. N., & Louvois, J. D. (1998): The microbiological quality of ready-to-eat dried and fermented meat and meat products. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 8: 277-284.
  • Lorenzo, J. M. (2014): Changes on physico-chemical, textural, lipolysis and volatile compounds during the manufacture of dry-cured foal “cecina”. Meat Science, 96: 256–263.
  • Lorenzo, J. M., Fonseca, S., Gomez, M., & Domínguez, R. (2015): Influence of the salting time on physico-chemical parameters, lipolysis and proteolysis of dry-cured foal “cecina”. LWT - Food Science and Technology , 60: 332-338.
  • Ludemann, V., Pose, G., Pollio, M. L., & Segura, J. (2004): Determination of growth characteristics and lipolytic and proteolytic activities of Penicillium strains isolated from Argentinean salami. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 96: 13– 18.
  • Mhlambi, S., Naidoo, K., & Lindsay, D. (2010): Enterotoxin-Producing Staphylococcus Strains Associated With South African Biltong at Point of Sale. Journal of Food Safety, 30: 307–317.
  • Nizamlıoğlu, M., Doğruer, Y., Gürbüz, Ü., & Kayaardı, S. (1998): Çeşitli Çemen Karışımlarının Pastırma Kalitesine Etkisi I: Kimyasal Ve Duyusal Nitelikler. Tr. J. of Veterinary and Animal Sicences, 22: 299–308.
  • Ogunsola, O. O., & Omojola, A. B. (2008): Qualitative evaluation of Kilishi prepared from beef and pork. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7 (11): 1753-1758.
  • Olusola, O. O., Okubanjo, A. O., & Omojola, A. B. (2012): Nutritive and Organoleptic Characteristics of Kilishi as Affected by Meat Type and Ingredient Formulation. Journal of Animal Production Advances, 2(5), 221-232.
  • Öztan, A. (1999): Et Bilimi ve Teknolojisi. Ankara: Hacettepe Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Yayınları, 19.
  • Petit, T., Caro, Y., Petit, A.-S., Santchurn, S. J., & Collignan, A. (2014): Physicochemical and microbiological characteristics of biltong, a traditional salted dried meat of South Africa. Meat Science, 96: 1313–1317.
  • Pinto, M., Ponsano, E., Franco, B., & Shimokomaki, M. (2002): Charqui meats as fermented meat products: role of bacteria for some sensorial properties development. Meat Science, 61: 187–191.
  • Prabhakaran, P. P., & Mendiratta, S. K. (2013): Development and Quality Evaluation of a Ready to Eat Meat Snack-Chevon Kilishi. Progressive Research, 8(2): 305-308.
  • Saldamlı, İ., & Saldamlı, E. (2000): Gıda Endsütrisi Makinaları. Ankara: Savaş Yayınevi.
  • Salvá, B. K., Fernández-Diez, A., Ramos, D. D., Caro, I., & Mateo, J. (2012): Chemical composition of alpaca (Vicugna pacos) charqui. Food Chemistry, 130: 329–334.
  • Sarıçoban, C., & Aybek, T. (2009): Geleneksel Orta Rutubetli Et Ürünlerinden Endonezya Dendeng. II. Geleneksel Gıdalar Sempoz¬yumu, (s. 754-757). Van.
  • Toldra, F. (1998): Proteolysis and Lipolysis in Flavour Development of Dry-cured Meat Products. Meat Science, 49(1): 101-110.
  • Toldra, F., & Hui, Y. (2015): Dry-Fermented Sausages and Ripened Meats: An Overview. F. Toldrá, Y. H. Hui, I. Astiasarán, J. G. Sebranek, & R. Talon içinde, Handbook of Fermented Meat and Poultry (s. 3-6). Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • Yang, H. S., Hwang, Y. H., Joo, S. T., & Park, G. B. (2009): The physicochemical and microbiological characteristics of pork jerky in comparison to beef jerky. Meat science, 82(3), 289-294.
  • Youssef, E. Y., Garcia, C. E. R., & Shimokomaki, M. (2003): Effect of salt on color and warmed over flavor in charqui meat processing. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 46(4), 595-600.
  • Youssef, E. Y., Garcia, C. E., Yamashita, F., & Shimokomaki, M. (2007): Chemical Basis for Beef Charqui Meat Texture. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology An International Journal, 50(4): 719-724.
  • Zaier, A., Essid, I., Chabbouh, M., Bellagha, S., & Sahli, A. (2011): Physico-Chemical and Microbial Caracteristics of Traditional and Industrial Kaddid. European Drying Conference. Palma. Balearic Island, Spain.

Details

Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Sena ÖZBAY DOĞU
AKSARAY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-6024-0805
Türkiye


Cemalettin SARIÇOBAN
SELCUK UNIV
0000-0001-6024-0805
Türkiye

Publication Date April 2, 2015
Application Date March 10, 2015
Acceptance Date April 1, 2015
Published in Issue Year 2015, Volume 1, Issue 3

Cite

Bibtex @review { jfhs289565, journal = {Food and Health}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2834}, address = {Vidin Caddesi No:28 D:4 Kocamustafapaşa 34107 Fatih İstanbul}, publisher = {Özkan ÖZDEN}, year = {2015}, volume = {1}, pages = {109 - 123}, doi = {10.3153/JFHS15011}, title = {MEAT DRYING TECHNOLOGY AND SOME DRIED MEAT PRODUCTS CONSUMED IN THE WORLD}, key = {cite}, author = {Özbay Doğu, Sena and Sarıçoban, Cemalettin} }
APA Özbay Doğu, S. & Sarıçoban, C. (2015). MEAT DRYING TECHNOLOGY AND SOME DRIED MEAT PRODUCTS CONSUMED IN THE WORLD . Food and Health , 1 (3) , 109-123 . DOI: 10.3153/JFHS15011
MLA Özbay Doğu, S. , Sarıçoban, C. "MEAT DRYING TECHNOLOGY AND SOME DRIED MEAT PRODUCTS CONSUMED IN THE WORLD" . Food and Health 1 (2015 ): 109-123 <https://jfhs.scientificwebjournals.com/en/pub/issue/27528/289565>
Chicago Özbay Doğu, S. , Sarıçoban, C. "MEAT DRYING TECHNOLOGY AND SOME DRIED MEAT PRODUCTS CONSUMED IN THE WORLD". Food and Health 1 (2015 ): 109-123
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - MEAT DRYING TECHNOLOGY AND SOME DRIED MEAT PRODUCTS CONSUMED IN THE WORLD AU - Sena Özbay Doğu , Cemalettin Sarıçoban Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.3153/JFHS15011 DO - 10.3153/JFHS15011 T2 - Food and Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 109 EP - 123 VL - 1 IS - 3 SN - -2602-2834 M3 - doi: 10.3153/JFHS15011 UR - https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS15011 Y2 - 2015 ER -
EndNote %0 Food and Health MEAT DRYING TECHNOLOGY AND SOME DRIED MEAT PRODUCTS CONSUMED IN THE WORLD %A Sena Özbay Doğu , Cemalettin Sarıçoban %T MEAT DRYING TECHNOLOGY AND SOME DRIED MEAT PRODUCTS CONSUMED IN THE WORLD %D 2015 %J Food and Health %P -2602-2834 %V 1 %N 3 %R doi: 10.3153/JFHS15011 %U 10.3153/JFHS15011
ISNAD Özbay Doğu, Sena , Sarıçoban, Cemalettin . "MEAT DRYING TECHNOLOGY AND SOME DRIED MEAT PRODUCTS CONSUMED IN THE WORLD". Food and Health 1 / 3 (April 2015): 109-123 . https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS15011
AMA Özbay Doğu S. , Sarıçoban C. MEAT DRYING TECHNOLOGY AND SOME DRIED MEAT PRODUCTS CONSUMED IN THE WORLD. Food Health. 2015; 1(3): 109-123.
Vancouver Özbay Doğu S. , Sarıçoban C. MEAT DRYING TECHNOLOGY AND SOME DRIED MEAT PRODUCTS CONSUMED IN THE WORLD. Food and Health. 2015; 1(3): 109-123.
IEEE S. Özbay Doğu and C. Sarıçoban , "MEAT DRYING TECHNOLOGY AND SOME DRIED MEAT PRODUCTS CONSUMED IN THE WORLD", Food and Health, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 109-123, Apr. 2015, doi:10.3153/JFHS15011

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