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FARKLI TAŞIYICILARLA RASYONA EKLENEN DEMİR DİKENİNİN (Tribulus terrestris) YUMURTACI TAVUKLARDA VERİM VE YUMURTA KALİTESİ ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ

Year 2015, Volume 1, Issue 2, 84 - 93, 02.02.2015
https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS15008

Abstract

Bu çalışma, zengin bir saponin kaynağı olan demir di­keni (Tribulus terrestris) (TT) bitki tozunun bentonit, selüloz ve pamuk yağı ile karıştırılarak yumurta tavuk yemine eklenmesinin beyaz yumurtacı tavuklarda performans özellikleri, yumurta kalite kriterleri, kemik kalsiyum kül dü­zeyleri, yumurta sarısı kolesterol düzeyi ve bazı kan paramet­releri üzerine etkilerini belirlemek amacı ile yürütülmüştür. Toplam 192 yumurtacı tavuk her bir grupta 16 hayvan olacak şekilde 12 gruba dağıtılmıştır. Deneme 0 (kontrol); 1 g TT; 2 g TT; 0.1 g pamuk yağı; 0.5 g selüloz; 0.5 g bentonit; 1 g TT ile 0.1 g pamuk yağı; 2 g TT ile 0.2 g pamuk yağı; 1 g TT ile 0.5 g selüloz; 2 g TT ile 1 g selüloz; 1 g TT ile 0.5 g bentonit ve 2 g TT ile 1 g bentonit gruplarından oluşmaktadır. Kontrol grubuna göre 2 g demir dikeni, bentonit ile karışan 2 g demir dikeni, yağ ile karışan 1 g ve 2 g demir dikeni gruplarında plazma kalsiyum değerleri önemli derecede yükselmiştir (P<0.001). Sarı indeksi ve haugh birimi bakımından bentonit ile karıştırılan 1 g demir dikeni kontrol grubuna göre sayısal olarak daha yüksek değer vermiştir (P>0.05). Kontrol gru­buna göre bentonit ile karışan 2 g demir dikeni ve selüloz ile karışan 2 g demir dikeni grupları sayısal olarak daha düşük yumurta sarısı kolesterol düzeyi değerleri vermişlerdir (P>0.05). 

References

  • Anonim (2011): Antioksidanların yararları neler¬dir? Erişim: http://www.hasta-ne.com.tr/saglik/antioksidanlarin-yararlari-nelerdir.html (erişim: 04.01.2011).
  • Anonymous, (1989): Boehringer Manheim GmbH iochemica.: Methods of biochemical analysis and food analysis. Manheim, Germany, p. 26-28.
  • Avcı, G., Küçükkurt, İ., Kontaş, T., Eryavuz, A., Fidan, A.F. (2007): Tavşanlarda rasyona ilave edilen farklı miktarlardaki Yucca Schidigera ekstraktının (De-Odorase®) bazı serum makro ve mikro element düzeylerine etkisi. F.Ü. Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi (Veteriner), 21(6): 257-262.
  • Düzgüneş, O., Kesici, T., Kavuncu, O., Gürbüz, F. (1987): Araştırma ve Deneme Metotları (İstatistik Metodları II). Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakütesi Yayınları No: 1021, Ankara.
  • Grigorova, S., Kashamov, B., Sredkova, V., Surdjiiska, S., Zlatev, H. (2008a): Effect of Tribulus terrestris extract on semen quality and serum total cholesterol content in White Plymouth Rock-mini cocks. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 24(3-4): 139-146.
  • Grigorova, S., Vasileva, D., Kashamov, B., Sredkova, V., Surdjiiska, S. (2008b): Investigation of Tribulus terrestris extract on the biochemical parameters of eggs and blood serum in laying hens. Archiva Zootechnica, 11(1): 39-44.
  • Grigorova, S., Abadjieva, D., Nikolova, M. Penkov, D. (2009): The effect of Tribulus terrestris extract on egg yolk lipids and serum cholesterol content in guinea fowls. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 25(5-6): 1109-1115.
  • Heitner, C., Min, T. (1987): The effect of sulphite treatment on the brightness and bleachability of chemithermomechanical pulp. Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium of Wood and Pulping Chemistry, Paris, France, 1: 327-332.
  • Jenkins, K.J., Atwal, A.S. (1994): Effects of dietary saponins on fecal bile acids and neutral sterols and availability of vitamin A and E in chicks. The Journal of Nutitional Biochemistry, 5: 134-137.
  • Jones, J.B., Case, V.W. (1990): Soil Testing and Plant Analysis (Third Edition) (SSSA Book Series: 3). In: Westerman, R.L. (Ed.). Analyzing Plant Tissue Samples. Soil Science Society of America, Inc. Madison, Wisconsin.
  • Kamel, C. (2001): Natural Plant Extracts: Classical Remedies Bring Modern Animal Production Solutions. In: Brufau, J. (Ed). Feed Manufacturing in the Mediterranean Region. Improving Safety: from Feed to Food. Ciheam-Iamz Press, Zaragoza, pp. 31-38.
  • Kaya, Ş., Erdoğan, Z., Erdoğan, S. (2003): Effect of different dietary levels of Yucca schidigera powder on the performance, blood parameters and egg yolk cholesterol of laying quails. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A, 50(1): 14-17.
  • Kutlu, H.R. (2001): Yemler Bilgisi ve Yem Teknolojisi. Çukurova Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Zootekni Bölümü (Hayvansal Üretim Lisans Programı), Ders Notu, Adana.
  • Kutlu, H.R. (2007): Büyüme Uyarıcı Antibiyotiklere Karşı Seçenek Aranıyor. Cumhuriyet / Tarım, 13.02.2007, s. 19.
  • Özgüven, M., Engin, M. (2000): Bitki Fizyolojisi Uygulama Kılavuzu. Çukurova Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları, Ders Notu, Adana.
  • Pahsa, T.N., Farooq, M.U., Khattak, F.M., Jabbar, M.A., Khan, A.D. (2007): Effectiveness of sodium bentonite and two commercial
  • SAS (1996): SAS User’ s Guide: Statistics, 1996 edit. SAS Institue, Inc., Carry, NC.
  • Şahin A. (2009): Effects of dietary Tribulus terrestris L. Powder on growth performance, body components and digestive system of broiler chicks. Journal of Applied Animal Research, 35(2): 193-195.
  • Tipu, M.A., Akhtar, M.S., Anjum, M.I., Raja, M.L. (2006): New dimension of medicinal plants as animal feed. Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 26(3): 144-148.
  • Toker, E., Zincirlioğlu, M., Alarslan, Ö.F. (1998): Hayvan Yetiştirme (Yemler ve Hayvan Besleme). Baran Ofset, Ankara.

EFFECTS OF DIETARY Tribulus terrestris WITH DIFFERENT CARRIERS ON PERFORMANCE AND EGG QUALITY OF LAYING HENS

Year 2015, Volume 1, Issue 2, 84 - 93, 02.02.2015
https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS15008

Abstract

This study has been carried out to determine the effect of powder of Tribulus terrestris (TT) which is a rich saponin source, added in diets of laying hen with in cotton oil, cellu­lose and bentonite, on the cholesterol level of egg yolk, blood parameters, the level of ash calcium, egg quality and the per­formance characteristics of white laying hens. In total 192 hens were used by allocating them into 12 groups each in­cluded 16 animals. Treatment groups were control (0); 1 g TT; 2 g TT; 0.1 g cotton oil; 0.5 g cellulose; 0.5 g bentonite; 1 g TT with 0.1 g cotton oil; 2 g TT with 0.2 g cotton oil; 1 g TT with 0.5 g cellulose; 2 g TT with 1 g cellulose; 1 g TT with 0.5 g bentonite and 2 g TT with 1 g bentonite. The blood calcium levels increased at the groups of 2 g of TT, 2 g of TT powder with in bentonite, 1 g and 2 g of TT powder with in oil compared to the control group (P<0.001). Yolk index and haugh units levels to numerically increased at the group of 1 g of TT powder with in bentonite compared to the control group (P>0.05). Egg yolk cholesterol levels to numerically decreased  at the groups of 2 g of TT powder with in bentonite and 2 g of TT powder with in cellulose compared to the con­trol group (P>0.05).

References

  • Anonim (2011): Antioksidanların yararları neler¬dir? Erişim: http://www.hasta-ne.com.tr/saglik/antioksidanlarin-yararlari-nelerdir.html (erişim: 04.01.2011).
  • Anonymous, (1989): Boehringer Manheim GmbH iochemica.: Methods of biochemical analysis and food analysis. Manheim, Germany, p. 26-28.
  • Avcı, G., Küçükkurt, İ., Kontaş, T., Eryavuz, A., Fidan, A.F. (2007): Tavşanlarda rasyona ilave edilen farklı miktarlardaki Yucca Schidigera ekstraktının (De-Odorase®) bazı serum makro ve mikro element düzeylerine etkisi. F.Ü. Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi (Veteriner), 21(6): 257-262.
  • Düzgüneş, O., Kesici, T., Kavuncu, O., Gürbüz, F. (1987): Araştırma ve Deneme Metotları (İstatistik Metodları II). Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakütesi Yayınları No: 1021, Ankara.
  • Grigorova, S., Kashamov, B., Sredkova, V., Surdjiiska, S., Zlatev, H. (2008a): Effect of Tribulus terrestris extract on semen quality and serum total cholesterol content in White Plymouth Rock-mini cocks. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 24(3-4): 139-146.
  • Grigorova, S., Vasileva, D., Kashamov, B., Sredkova, V., Surdjiiska, S. (2008b): Investigation of Tribulus terrestris extract on the biochemical parameters of eggs and blood serum in laying hens. Archiva Zootechnica, 11(1): 39-44.
  • Grigorova, S., Abadjieva, D., Nikolova, M. Penkov, D. (2009): The effect of Tribulus terrestris extract on egg yolk lipids and serum cholesterol content in guinea fowls. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 25(5-6): 1109-1115.
  • Heitner, C., Min, T. (1987): The effect of sulphite treatment on the brightness and bleachability of chemithermomechanical pulp. Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium of Wood and Pulping Chemistry, Paris, France, 1: 327-332.
  • Jenkins, K.J., Atwal, A.S. (1994): Effects of dietary saponins on fecal bile acids and neutral sterols and availability of vitamin A and E in chicks. The Journal of Nutitional Biochemistry, 5: 134-137.
  • Jones, J.B., Case, V.W. (1990): Soil Testing and Plant Analysis (Third Edition) (SSSA Book Series: 3). In: Westerman, R.L. (Ed.). Analyzing Plant Tissue Samples. Soil Science Society of America, Inc. Madison, Wisconsin.
  • Kamel, C. (2001): Natural Plant Extracts: Classical Remedies Bring Modern Animal Production Solutions. In: Brufau, J. (Ed). Feed Manufacturing in the Mediterranean Region. Improving Safety: from Feed to Food. Ciheam-Iamz Press, Zaragoza, pp. 31-38.
  • Kaya, Ş., Erdoğan, Z., Erdoğan, S. (2003): Effect of different dietary levels of Yucca schidigera powder on the performance, blood parameters and egg yolk cholesterol of laying quails. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A, 50(1): 14-17.
  • Kutlu, H.R. (2001): Yemler Bilgisi ve Yem Teknolojisi. Çukurova Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Zootekni Bölümü (Hayvansal Üretim Lisans Programı), Ders Notu, Adana.
  • Kutlu, H.R. (2007): Büyüme Uyarıcı Antibiyotiklere Karşı Seçenek Aranıyor. Cumhuriyet / Tarım, 13.02.2007, s. 19.
  • Özgüven, M., Engin, M. (2000): Bitki Fizyolojisi Uygulama Kılavuzu. Çukurova Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları, Ders Notu, Adana.
  • Pahsa, T.N., Farooq, M.U., Khattak, F.M., Jabbar, M.A., Khan, A.D. (2007): Effectiveness of sodium bentonite and two commercial
  • SAS (1996): SAS User’ s Guide: Statistics, 1996 edit. SAS Institue, Inc., Carry, NC.
  • Şahin A. (2009): Effects of dietary Tribulus terrestris L. Powder on growth performance, body components and digestive system of broiler chicks. Journal of Applied Animal Research, 35(2): 193-195.
  • Tipu, M.A., Akhtar, M.S., Anjum, M.I., Raja, M.L. (2006): New dimension of medicinal plants as animal feed. Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 26(3): 144-148.
  • Toker, E., Zincirlioğlu, M., Alarslan, Ö.F. (1998): Hayvan Yetiştirme (Yemler ve Hayvan Besleme). Baran Ofset, Ankara.

Details

Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Metin DURU
Uşak Üniverisitesi
Türkiye


Ahmet ŞAHİN This is me
AHİ EVRAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye

Publication Date February 2, 2015
Application Date January 19, 2015
Acceptance Date February 2, 2015
Published in Issue Year 2015, Volume 1, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jfhs289558, journal = {Food and Health}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2834}, address = {Vidin Caddesi No:28 D:4 Kocamustafapaşa 34107 Fatih İstanbul}, publisher = {Özkan ÖZDEN}, year = {2015}, volume = {1}, pages = {84 - 93}, doi = {10.3153/JFHS15008}, title = {EFFECTS OF DIETARY Tribulus terrestris WITH DIFFERENT CARRIERS ON PERFORMANCE AND EGG QUALITY OF LAYING HENS}, key = {cite}, author = {Duru, Metin and Şahin, Ahmet} }
APA Duru, M. & Şahin, A. (2015). EFFECTS OF DIETARY Tribulus terrestris WITH DIFFERENT CARRIERS ON PERFORMANCE AND EGG QUALITY OF LAYING HENS . Food and Health , 1 (2) , 84-93 . DOI: 10.3153/JFHS15008
MLA Duru, M. , Şahin, A. "EFFECTS OF DIETARY Tribulus terrestris WITH DIFFERENT CARRIERS ON PERFORMANCE AND EGG QUALITY OF LAYING HENS" . Food and Health 1 (2015 ): 84-93 <http://jfhs.scientificwebjournals.com/en/pub/issue/27526/289558>
Chicago Duru, M. , Şahin, A. "EFFECTS OF DIETARY Tribulus terrestris WITH DIFFERENT CARRIERS ON PERFORMANCE AND EGG QUALITY OF LAYING HENS". Food and Health 1 (2015 ): 84-93
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - EFFECTS OF DIETARY Tribulus terrestris WITH DIFFERENT CARRIERS ON PERFORMANCE AND EGG QUALITY OF LAYING HENS AU - Metin Duru , Ahmet Şahin Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.3153/JFHS15008 DO - 10.3153/JFHS15008 T2 - Food and Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 84 EP - 93 VL - 1 IS - 2 SN - -2602-2834 M3 - doi: 10.3153/JFHS15008 UR - https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS15008 Y2 - 2015 ER -
EndNote %0 Food and Health EFFECTS OF DIETARY Tribulus terrestris WITH DIFFERENT CARRIERS ON PERFORMANCE AND EGG QUALITY OF LAYING HENS %A Metin Duru , Ahmet Şahin %T EFFECTS OF DIETARY Tribulus terrestris WITH DIFFERENT CARRIERS ON PERFORMANCE AND EGG QUALITY OF LAYING HENS %D 2015 %J Food and Health %P -2602-2834 %V 1 %N 2 %R doi: 10.3153/JFHS15008 %U 10.3153/JFHS15008
ISNAD Duru, Metin , Şahin, Ahmet . "EFFECTS OF DIETARY Tribulus terrestris WITH DIFFERENT CARRIERS ON PERFORMANCE AND EGG QUALITY OF LAYING HENS". Food and Health 1 / 2 (February 2015): 84-93 . https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS15008
AMA Duru M. , Şahin A. EFFECTS OF DIETARY Tribulus terrestris WITH DIFFERENT CARRIERS ON PERFORMANCE AND EGG QUALITY OF LAYING HENS. Food Health. 2015; 1(2): 84-93.
Vancouver Duru M. , Şahin A. EFFECTS OF DIETARY Tribulus terrestris WITH DIFFERENT CARRIERS ON PERFORMANCE AND EGG QUALITY OF LAYING HENS. Food and Health. 2015; 1(2): 84-93.
IEEE M. Duru and A. Şahin , "EFFECTS OF DIETARY Tribulus terrestris WITH DIFFERENT CARRIERS ON PERFORMANCE AND EGG QUALITY OF LAYING HENS", Food and Health, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 84-93, Feb. 2015, doi:10.3153/JFHS15008

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