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EFFECT OF THE LASALOSIT USED IN BROILERS AND DIFFERENT HEAT TREATMENT PROCESS ON ITS RESIDUAL LEVELS

Year 2015, Volume 1, Issue 1, 50 - 66, 01.01.2015
https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS15005

Abstract

Avian coccidiosis is an important disease caused by protozoa of the genus Eimeria.  İt leads to significant economic losses in the poultry industry. For control of coccidiosis in avian, using pharmacological active sub­stance such as nikarbazin, halofuginon, robenidin, di­clazuril, monensin, salinomycin, naracin, lasalocit and maduramicin. Residues of used drugs are significant for human healthy. In this study, we have taken from the poultry meat and eggs available for consumption in Is­tanbul with 150 specimens were screened for lasalosit.  In general, the optimal feeding conditions has been lim­ited 75-125 µg/g for lasalosit.  After the feeding under these circumstances 1st, 3rd, 5th, and 7th day the tis­sues was analyzed.   1st, 3rd, 5th days detected tissue residues were considered important. High residue in­cluding  which 1st, 3rd and 5th day tissues treated fried, boiled, held on +4°C  and freezed.  Consequently it was confirmed that lasolocid residue have decreasing and affected by heat treatment of residues in tissues.

References

  • Baydan, E., Akkaya R., Traş. B., Bilgili A., Tanyıldızı S., Filazi A., Yarsan E. Özdemir. M. (1998): Etlik piliçlerde kullanılan çeşitli veteriner ilaçlarının kalıntıları üzerine pişirme, dondurma ve benzeri ışlemlerin etkilerinin araştırılması: 1-Sülfonamid grubu bazı antibakteriyellerin incelenmesi, 2-Kinolon grubu bazı antibakteriyellerin incelenmesi. TAGEM HS/98/16/02.
  • Baydan, E,. Özdemir,. M. Kanbur, M. (2001): Kanatlı dokularındaki sülfadiazin kalıntıları üzerine pişirme, dondurma ve benzeri işlemlerin etkileri, Çiftlik Dergisi, 203: 81-90.
  • Bishop, Y.M. (1996): The veterinary formulary: Handbook of Medicines Used in Veterinary Practice, 5th ed., Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain and British Veterinary Association, London, pp.176-178.
  • Bories, G., Brantom, P., Barberà, J.B., Chesson, A., Cocconcelli, P.S., Debski, B., Dierick, N., Franklin, A., Gropp, J., Halle, I., Hogstrand, C., Knecht, J., Leng, L., Haldorsen, A.K.L., Mantovani, A., Mézes, M., Nebbia, C., Rambeck, W., Rychen, G., Wright, A., Wester, P. (2007): Safety of Kokcisan 120G as a feed additive for chickens for fattening. Updated scientific opinion of the panel on additives and products or substances used in animal feed. European Food Safety Authority. The EFSA Journal, 547: 1-10.
  • Dehai, X., Grizzle, J.M., Rogers, W.A., Santerre, C.R. (1996): Effect of cooking on residues of ormetoprim and sulfadimethoxine in the muscle of channel catfish. Food Research International, 29(3-4): 339-344.
  • Dubois, M.G., Pierret, D. (2004): Efficient and sensitive detection of residues of nine coccidiostats in egg and muscle by liquid chromatography–electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography B, 813(1-2): 181-189.
  • Ebrahimezhad, Y. (2005): Effects of ıonophorous drugs, salinomycin and lasalocid, on the performance of broiler chicks and the relations ship of these drugs to suplemantary methionin. Journal of Poultry Science, 4(11): 911-916.
  • EFSA, (2004): Opinion of the scientific Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed on a request from the Commission on the re-evaluation of coccidiostat Sacox120® micro Granulate in accordance with article 9G of Council Directive 70/524/EEC. The EFSA Journal, 76: 1-49.
  • EFSA (2004): Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed on the reevaluation of coccidiostat Avatec in accordance with article 9G of Council Directive 70/524/EEC. The EFSA Journal, 53: 1-44.
  • EFSA (2004): Update of an opinion of the Scientific Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed on the re-evaluation of coccidiostat Avatec in accordance with article 9G of council directive 70/524/EEC, The EFSA Journal, 77: 1-45.
  • EFSA (2006): Update of the opinion of the scientific panel on additives and products or substances used in animal feed on a request from the European Commission related to the safety and efficiacy of ‘’Kokcisan 120G’’ The EFSA Journal, 378: 1-12. http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/doc/378.pdf
  • EFSA, (2007): Cross-contamination of non-target feedingstuffs by lasalocid authorised for use as a feed additive Scientific opinion of the panel on contaminants in the food chain. European Food Safety Authority, The EFSA Journal, 553: 1-46. http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/doc/553.pdf
  • Elliot, C.T., Kennedy, D.G., McCaughey, W.J. (1998): Methods for the detection of polyether ionophore residues in poultry. Veterinary Science Division, 123: 45-56.
  • EMEA (1999): Commision Directive 1997/76/EC. Annex. Determination of lasalocid sodium. 23 July 1999.
  • EMEA (2004): Lasalocid Sodium. Summary Report of the Commitee for Veterinary Medicinal Products. Summary Report. EMEA/MRL/912/04-Final, Oct.2004. http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Maximum_Residue_Limits_-_Report/2009/11/WC500014596.pdf
  • Gıda Tarım ve Hayvancılık Bakanlığı (GTHB), Gıda kontrol Genel Müdürlüğü (GKGM) (2007): GTHB Ulusal Kalıntı Kontrol Planı. http://www.veterinerx.com/dosyalar/2007_ulusal_kalinti_izleme_plani.pdf
  • Jordan, F.T.W. (1990): Poultry disease. Bailliere Tindal, Oval road London/England. ISBN 0-7020-1339-0/24-28.
  • Kennedy, D.G., Hughes, P.J., Blanchflower, W.J. (1998): Ionophore residues in eggs in Northern Ireland: incidence and cause. Food Additives & Contaminants, 15(5): 535-541.
  • Kennedy, D.G., Hughes, P.J., Blanchflower, W.J., (1996): The incidens and cause of lasalocide residues in eggs in Northen Ireland. Food Additives & Contaminants, 13(7): 787-794.
  • Matabudul, D.K., Lumley, I.D., Points J.S. (2002): The determination of 5 anticoccidial drugs (nicarbazin, lasalocid, monensin, salinomycin and narasin) in animal livers and eggs by liquid chromatography linked with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS). Analyst. 127(6): 760-768.
  • McDouglas, L.R., Seibert, B.P. (1998): Residuel activity of veteriner drugs in chickens after withdrwal of medicated feed. Veterinary Parasitology, 74: 91-99.
  • McEvoy, J.D.G. (2002): Contamination of animal feedingstuffs as cause of residues in food: a review of regulatory aspects, incidence and control. Analytica Chemica Acta, 473: 3-26.
  • Mortier, L., Daeseleire, E., Peteghem, C.V. (2004): Liquid chromatographic tandem mass spectrometric determination of five coccidiostats in poultry eggs and feed. Journal of Chromatography B, 820: 261-270.
  • Mortier L, Huet, A.C., Charlier, C., Daeseleire, E., Delahaut, P., Van Peteghem, C. (2005): Incidence of residues of nine anticoccidials in eggs. Food Additives & Contaminants, 22(11): 1120-1125.
  • Oehme, F.W., Pickrell, J.A. (1999): An analysis of the chronic oral toxicity of polyether ionophore antibiotics in animals. Veterinary and Human Toxicology, 41(4): 251-257.
  • Parelman, B., Pirak, M., Smith, B. (1993): Effect on the accidental feeding lasalocide sodium to broiler breeder chickens. Veterinary Record, 132(11): 271-273.
  • Regulation (EC), (2003): European Parliament and the council of 22 September 2003 on additives for use in animal nutrition E.C.No: 1831/2003/E-JC.
  • Resmi Gazete (2005): GTHB, Canlı Hayvanlar ve Hayvansal Ürünlerde Belirli Maddeler Ile Bunların Kalıntılarının Izlenmesi Için Alınacak Önlemlere Dair Yönetmelik. Resmi Gazete: 19.01.2005, No: 25705.
  • Resmi Gazete (2007): Gıda Tarım ve Hayvancılık Bakanlığı(GTHB). Yem Katkı ve Premikslerin Üretimi, İthalatı, İhracatı, Satışı ve Kullanımı Hakkında Tebliğde Değişiklik Yapılmasına Dair Tebliğ. Yetki Kanunu: 1734, Yayımlandığı Resmi Gazete: 03.05.2007, sayı: 26511, Tebliğ No 2007/9.
  • Resmi Gazete (2007): Türk Gıda Kodeksi Hayvansal Kökenli Gıdalarda Veteriner İlaçları Maksimum Kalıntı Limitleri Tebliğinde değişiklik yapılması hakkında tebliğ. Tebliğ No: 2007/17, Resmi Gazete 09.03.2007, Sayı: 26457.
  • Rokka, M., Eerola, S., Perttila, U., Rossow, L., Venalainen, E., Valkonen. E., Valaja. J., Peltonen, K. (2005): The residue levels of narasin in eggs of laying hens fed with unmedicated and medicated feed. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 49(1):38-42.
  • Rokka, M., Peltonen, K. (2006): Simultaneus determination of four coccidiostats in eggs and broiler meat: validation of an LC-MS/MS method. Food Additives & Contaminants, 23: 470-478.
  • Rosen, J. (2001): Efficient and sensitive screening and confirmation of residues of selected polyether ionophore antibiotics in liver and eggs by Liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. Analyst, 126(11): 1990-1995.
  • Şanlı, Y., Akar, F., Bilgili, A.,(1993): Et tipi piliçlerde altlığı ıslatma sendromuna yol açan katılımcı etmenler üzerinde araştırmalar. Uluslararası Tavukçuluk Kongresi, 13–14 Mayıs 1993, İstanbul Bilimsel Tavukçuluk Derneği Yayınları, s. 376-389.

DEĞİŞİK İŞLEME PROSESLERİNİN BROİLERLERDE KULLANILAN LASALOSİT KALINTI DÜZEYLERİNE ETKİSİ

Year 2015, Volume 1, Issue 1, 50 - 66, 01.01.2015
https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS15005

Abstract

Kanatlı Koksidiyozisi  eimeria türlerinin neden olduğu önemli bir protozon hastalığıdır. Kanatlı  endüstrisinde önemli ekonomik kayıplara yol açmaktadır. Koksidi­yozisin kontrölünde nikarbazin, halofuginon, robeni­din, diklazuril, monensin, salinomisin, narasin, lasalosit ve maduramisin gibi ilaçlar kullanılmaktadır. Kullanı­lan ilaçların kalıntıları izlenmesi ve gerekli önlemlerin alınması insan sağlığı açısından büyük bir önem taşı­maktadır.    Bu çalışmada İstanbul’da tüketime sunulan tavuk eti ve yumurtalardan aldığımız 150’şer adet nu­mune de lasalosit kalıntı ve düzey izlemesi yapılmıştır. Genel olarak broilerlerdeki (tavuk) yedirme koşulla­rında lasalosit 75–125 µg/g ile sınırlandırılmıştır.  Bu şartlarda yapılan yedirme denemeleri sonrasında 1. 3. ve 5. ve 7. günlerde alınan dokularda analizler yapılmış, 1. 3. 5. gün dokularındaki lasalosit kalıntı düzeyi önemli bulunmuştur. Kalıntı miktarı yüksek olan 1. 3. ve 5. gün dokuları kızartma, haşlama, +4°C muhafaza ve dondurmaya işleme ve depolama proseslerine tabi tutulmuştur. Sonuç olarak lasalosit giderek hızla azalan bir rezidüye sahip olduğu ve dokudaki kalıntılarının ısıl işlemlerden etkilendikleri tespit edilmiştir.

References

  • Baydan, E., Akkaya R., Traş. B., Bilgili A., Tanyıldızı S., Filazi A., Yarsan E. Özdemir. M. (1998): Etlik piliçlerde kullanılan çeşitli veteriner ilaçlarının kalıntıları üzerine pişirme, dondurma ve benzeri ışlemlerin etkilerinin araştırılması: 1-Sülfonamid grubu bazı antibakteriyellerin incelenmesi, 2-Kinolon grubu bazı antibakteriyellerin incelenmesi. TAGEM HS/98/16/02.
  • Baydan, E,. Özdemir,. M. Kanbur, M. (2001): Kanatlı dokularındaki sülfadiazin kalıntıları üzerine pişirme, dondurma ve benzeri işlemlerin etkileri, Çiftlik Dergisi, 203: 81-90.
  • Bishop, Y.M. (1996): The veterinary formulary: Handbook of Medicines Used in Veterinary Practice, 5th ed., Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain and British Veterinary Association, London, pp.176-178.
  • Bories, G., Brantom, P., Barberà, J.B., Chesson, A., Cocconcelli, P.S., Debski, B., Dierick, N., Franklin, A., Gropp, J., Halle, I., Hogstrand, C., Knecht, J., Leng, L., Haldorsen, A.K.L., Mantovani, A., Mézes, M., Nebbia, C., Rambeck, W., Rychen, G., Wright, A., Wester, P. (2007): Safety of Kokcisan 120G as a feed additive for chickens for fattening. Updated scientific opinion of the panel on additives and products or substances used in animal feed. European Food Safety Authority. The EFSA Journal, 547: 1-10.
  • Dehai, X., Grizzle, J.M., Rogers, W.A., Santerre, C.R. (1996): Effect of cooking on residues of ormetoprim and sulfadimethoxine in the muscle of channel catfish. Food Research International, 29(3-4): 339-344.
  • Dubois, M.G., Pierret, D. (2004): Efficient and sensitive detection of residues of nine coccidiostats in egg and muscle by liquid chromatography–electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography B, 813(1-2): 181-189.
  • Ebrahimezhad, Y. (2005): Effects of ıonophorous drugs, salinomycin and lasalocid, on the performance of broiler chicks and the relations ship of these drugs to suplemantary methionin. Journal of Poultry Science, 4(11): 911-916.
  • EFSA, (2004): Opinion of the scientific Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed on a request from the Commission on the re-evaluation of coccidiostat Sacox120® micro Granulate in accordance with article 9G of Council Directive 70/524/EEC. The EFSA Journal, 76: 1-49.
  • EFSA (2004): Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed on the reevaluation of coccidiostat Avatec in accordance with article 9G of Council Directive 70/524/EEC. The EFSA Journal, 53: 1-44.
  • EFSA (2004): Update of an opinion of the Scientific Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed on the re-evaluation of coccidiostat Avatec in accordance with article 9G of council directive 70/524/EEC, The EFSA Journal, 77: 1-45.
  • EFSA (2006): Update of the opinion of the scientific panel on additives and products or substances used in animal feed on a request from the European Commission related to the safety and efficiacy of ‘’Kokcisan 120G’’ The EFSA Journal, 378: 1-12. http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/doc/378.pdf
  • EFSA, (2007): Cross-contamination of non-target feedingstuffs by lasalocid authorised for use as a feed additive Scientific opinion of the panel on contaminants in the food chain. European Food Safety Authority, The EFSA Journal, 553: 1-46. http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/doc/553.pdf
  • Elliot, C.T., Kennedy, D.G., McCaughey, W.J. (1998): Methods for the detection of polyether ionophore residues in poultry. Veterinary Science Division, 123: 45-56.
  • EMEA (1999): Commision Directive 1997/76/EC. Annex. Determination of lasalocid sodium. 23 July 1999.
  • EMEA (2004): Lasalocid Sodium. Summary Report of the Commitee for Veterinary Medicinal Products. Summary Report. EMEA/MRL/912/04-Final, Oct.2004. http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Maximum_Residue_Limits_-_Report/2009/11/WC500014596.pdf
  • Gıda Tarım ve Hayvancılık Bakanlığı (GTHB), Gıda kontrol Genel Müdürlüğü (GKGM) (2007): GTHB Ulusal Kalıntı Kontrol Planı. http://www.veterinerx.com/dosyalar/2007_ulusal_kalinti_izleme_plani.pdf
  • Jordan, F.T.W. (1990): Poultry disease. Bailliere Tindal, Oval road London/England. ISBN 0-7020-1339-0/24-28.
  • Kennedy, D.G., Hughes, P.J., Blanchflower, W.J. (1998): Ionophore residues in eggs in Northern Ireland: incidence and cause. Food Additives & Contaminants, 15(5): 535-541.
  • Kennedy, D.G., Hughes, P.J., Blanchflower, W.J., (1996): The incidens and cause of lasalocide residues in eggs in Northen Ireland. Food Additives & Contaminants, 13(7): 787-794.
  • Matabudul, D.K., Lumley, I.D., Points J.S. (2002): The determination of 5 anticoccidial drugs (nicarbazin, lasalocid, monensin, salinomycin and narasin) in animal livers and eggs by liquid chromatography linked with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS). Analyst. 127(6): 760-768.
  • McDouglas, L.R., Seibert, B.P. (1998): Residuel activity of veteriner drugs in chickens after withdrwal of medicated feed. Veterinary Parasitology, 74: 91-99.
  • McEvoy, J.D.G. (2002): Contamination of animal feedingstuffs as cause of residues in food: a review of regulatory aspects, incidence and control. Analytica Chemica Acta, 473: 3-26.
  • Mortier, L., Daeseleire, E., Peteghem, C.V. (2004): Liquid chromatographic tandem mass spectrometric determination of five coccidiostats in poultry eggs and feed. Journal of Chromatography B, 820: 261-270.
  • Mortier L, Huet, A.C., Charlier, C., Daeseleire, E., Delahaut, P., Van Peteghem, C. (2005): Incidence of residues of nine anticoccidials in eggs. Food Additives & Contaminants, 22(11): 1120-1125.
  • Oehme, F.W., Pickrell, J.A. (1999): An analysis of the chronic oral toxicity of polyether ionophore antibiotics in animals. Veterinary and Human Toxicology, 41(4): 251-257.
  • Parelman, B., Pirak, M., Smith, B. (1993): Effect on the accidental feeding lasalocide sodium to broiler breeder chickens. Veterinary Record, 132(11): 271-273.
  • Regulation (EC), (2003): European Parliament and the council of 22 September 2003 on additives for use in animal nutrition E.C.No: 1831/2003/E-JC.
  • Resmi Gazete (2005): GTHB, Canlı Hayvanlar ve Hayvansal Ürünlerde Belirli Maddeler Ile Bunların Kalıntılarının Izlenmesi Için Alınacak Önlemlere Dair Yönetmelik. Resmi Gazete: 19.01.2005, No: 25705.
  • Resmi Gazete (2007): Gıda Tarım ve Hayvancılık Bakanlığı(GTHB). Yem Katkı ve Premikslerin Üretimi, İthalatı, İhracatı, Satışı ve Kullanımı Hakkında Tebliğde Değişiklik Yapılmasına Dair Tebliğ. Yetki Kanunu: 1734, Yayımlandığı Resmi Gazete: 03.05.2007, sayı: 26511, Tebliğ No 2007/9.
  • Resmi Gazete (2007): Türk Gıda Kodeksi Hayvansal Kökenli Gıdalarda Veteriner İlaçları Maksimum Kalıntı Limitleri Tebliğinde değişiklik yapılması hakkında tebliğ. Tebliğ No: 2007/17, Resmi Gazete 09.03.2007, Sayı: 26457.
  • Rokka, M., Eerola, S., Perttila, U., Rossow, L., Venalainen, E., Valkonen. E., Valaja. J., Peltonen, K. (2005): The residue levels of narasin in eggs of laying hens fed with unmedicated and medicated feed. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 49(1):38-42.
  • Rokka, M., Peltonen, K. (2006): Simultaneus determination of four coccidiostats in eggs and broiler meat: validation of an LC-MS/MS method. Food Additives & Contaminants, 23: 470-478.
  • Rosen, J. (2001): Efficient and sensitive screening and confirmation of residues of selected polyether ionophore antibiotics in liver and eggs by Liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. Analyst, 126(11): 1990-1995.
  • Şanlı, Y., Akar, F., Bilgili, A.,(1993): Et tipi piliçlerde altlığı ıslatma sendromuna yol açan katılımcı etmenler üzerinde araştırmalar. Uluslararası Tavukçuluk Kongresi, 13–14 Mayıs 1993, İstanbul Bilimsel Tavukçuluk Derneği Yayınları, s. 376-389.

Details

Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Namık Bilici
KARABUK UNIV
0000-0002-4320-3567
Türkiye

Publication Date January 1, 2015
Application Date November 30, 2014
Acceptance Date December 16, 2014
Published in Issue Year 2015, Volume 1, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jfhs289438, journal = {Food and Health}, eissn = {2602-2834}, address = {Vidin Caddesi No:28 D:4 Kocamustafapaşa 34107 Fatih İstanbul}, publisher = {Özkan ÖZDEN}, year = {2015}, volume = {1}, number = {1}, pages = {50 - 66}, doi = {10.3153/JFHS15005}, title = {EFFECT OF THE LASALOSIT USED IN BROILERS AND DIFFERENT HEAT TREATMENT PROCESS ON ITS RESIDUAL LEVELS}, key = {cite}, author = {Bilici, Namık} }
APA Bilici, N. (2015). EFFECT OF THE LASALOSIT USED IN BROILERS AND DIFFERENT HEAT TREATMENT PROCESS ON ITS RESIDUAL LEVELS . Food and Health , 1 (1) , 50-66 . DOI: 10.3153/JFHS15005
MLA Bilici, N. "EFFECT OF THE LASALOSIT USED IN BROILERS AND DIFFERENT HEAT TREATMENT PROCESS ON ITS RESIDUAL LEVELS" . Food and Health 1 (2015 ): 50-66 <http://jfhs.scientificwebjournals.com/en/pub/issue/27510/289438>
Chicago Bilici, N. "EFFECT OF THE LASALOSIT USED IN BROILERS AND DIFFERENT HEAT TREATMENT PROCESS ON ITS RESIDUAL LEVELS". Food and Health 1 (2015 ): 50-66
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - EFFECT OF THE LASALOSIT USED IN BROILERS AND DIFFERENT HEAT TREATMENT PROCESS ON ITS RESIDUAL LEVELS AU - Namık Bilici Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.3153/JFHS15005 DO - 10.3153/JFHS15005 T2 - Food and Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 50 EP - 66 VL - 1 IS - 1 SN - -2602-2834 M3 - doi: 10.3153/JFHS15005 UR - https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS15005 Y2 - 2014 ER -
EndNote %0 Food and Health EFFECT OF THE LASALOSIT USED IN BROILERS AND DIFFERENT HEAT TREATMENT PROCESS ON ITS RESIDUAL LEVELS %A Namık Bilici %T EFFECT OF THE LASALOSIT USED IN BROILERS AND DIFFERENT HEAT TREATMENT PROCESS ON ITS RESIDUAL LEVELS %D 2015 %J Food and Health %P -2602-2834 %V 1 %N 1 %R doi: 10.3153/JFHS15005 %U 10.3153/JFHS15005
ISNAD Bilici, Namık . "EFFECT OF THE LASALOSIT USED IN BROILERS AND DIFFERENT HEAT TREATMENT PROCESS ON ITS RESIDUAL LEVELS". Food and Health 1 / 1 (January 2015): 50-66 . https://doi.org/10.3153/JFHS15005
AMA Bilici N. EFFECT OF THE LASALOSIT USED IN BROILERS AND DIFFERENT HEAT TREATMENT PROCESS ON ITS RESIDUAL LEVELS. Food Health. 2015; 1(1): 50-66.
Vancouver Bilici N. EFFECT OF THE LASALOSIT USED IN BROILERS AND DIFFERENT HEAT TREATMENT PROCESS ON ITS RESIDUAL LEVELS. Food and Health. 2015; 1(1): 50-66.
IEEE N. Bilici , "EFFECT OF THE LASALOSIT USED IN BROILERS AND DIFFERENT HEAT TREATMENT PROCESS ON ITS RESIDUAL LEVELS", Food and Health, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 50-66, Jan. 2015, doi:10.3153/JFHS15005

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